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COORGS OF COORG

TIGER : Symbol of Coorgs

Coorgs Royal Peechekati

Coorg is a small state situated in the western mountain region of southern Bharata. It has an area of 1,595 square miles and a population of over 550,000. Coorg is four times larger than Hong Kong and six times larger than Singapore. The 2,500-year-old civilization of Coorgs (or Kodavas as it is known locally) probably evolved from a synthesis of tribal rulers who lived around the fifth-century B C in the region of greater northwestern Bharatian peninsula or Central Asian origin. They formed the Kodava kingdom in the southwestern mountainous region of ancient Bharata, which lasted for over 500 years. Scholars speculate about Scythian armed forces under Alexander of Macedonia, may have moved to the south Western Ghats after he had abandoned his military campaign in the northwestern Bharata around 326 BC and the local Dravidian women whom they have married. Once eighteen Greek words were commonly used among Kodavas. Coorgs are an Orthodox Hindu Aryan community, and as a martial race of Bharata they belong under the ruling-class umbrella of Kshatriya-warrior community. During an era of British and their influence in the 1900's, the Coorgs became westernized. Coorgs are conservative people, and the only Bharatian community who do not follow foolish dowry custom. Their marriage ceremony is performed by their elders and not by Brahmin priests as the rest of the Bharatians. In the future, Coorgs should consider to have a few Vedic priests during their wedding ceremonies to recite Vedic mantra, along with Agni. Coorgs celebrate male births with a 'gun salute' and their death ceremonies, with a 'double gun salute.' Sir Erskine Perry, author and anthropologist, wrote that the Coorgs "have no resemblance to any other races of southern Bharata" and that they are "by far the finest race" he has seen in Bharata, in point of independent bearing, good looks, and all the outward signs of well-being.” Herbert Risley was a British ethnographer and colonial administrator who did extensive work on the classification of the various castes in Bharata during the "landmark" census of 1901, described the Coorgs as the "finest race without any exception in southern Bharata" and considered them to be even superior to the Kashmiri Pundits in respect to skin, color, and stature. The Coorgs have their own festivals: 1. Puthri, "Thanksgiving Day", and 2. Keil Poldu, the "Festival of Fire Arms", and they do not celebrate any other Bharatian festivals. In recent years, they have adopted a few Bharatian festivals. The tradition of the "Coorgs' tiger wedding" no longer exists. Sadly, the fifty-year year-old highly decorated "Coorg Regiment" of the Bharatian army was re-designated as the "Karnataka Regiment" in 1996 by a radical Prime Minister of India, who was jealously attempting to eliminate the Coorgs' proud ancestral identity. The Coorgs are a patriotic people of Bharata, and because of their traditional custom, the Bharatian constitution permits them to carry guns without a license in Coorg. Book: "Caste and Class in Bharata".

Brahmins are considered as inferior to Coorgs of Coorg. In the region of Coorg, the River Cauvery and its nearby mountains were created many million years ago by volcanic activities. Unfortunately, the local Brahman pundits fill the people of Coorg with mythical tales about the origins of the River Cauvery Geyser. They profit from the organized yearly 'Cauvery Sankaramana' festival where many local people superstitiously attend. The Cauvery River Sankaramana is one big myth, and it is foolish to celebrate such a festival. Coorgs/Kodavas, who live in North America, if they prefer, could celebrate their Cauvery Sankaramana at Yellow Stone National Park, at any one of the many wonderful Geyser. I wish future generation Coorgs masters the ancient language Sanskritam, and the scriptures, which has many hidden ancient science, mathematics, astronomy, and history but the local Kodava Takka dialect has any value in it. Wise Coorgs will learn Sanskritam to earn the true meanings of Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita and other important ancient scriptures. Note: Hindi, Gujarati, Punjabi, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Urdu, .. others aren't languages. Only the modern Sanskritam of 2,000 BC, Magadhi Prakrit, Gupta, Tamale, Telugu, Chinese, modified from Brāhmī Scripts the Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Russian were ancient languages. Ancient Sanskrit Brāhmī Scripts were the mothers of all modern languages; Indo-European language families were born.

Coorgs Traditional Dress, worn during the special ceremonies

History

The Coorgs have never been conquered. In Bharatian history, the Islamic and British rulers have conquered almost all the areas of ancient Bharatian kingdom militarily, but they were unable to conquer the kingdom of Coorg. Their mountain region has always been remote and is still largely inaccessible during the monsoon seasons. However, from the early Medieval period, the little kingdom of Coorg began to prosper from the silver, gold and salt trades that came through its mountains from the Kerala coast to the great cities of the Deccan Plateau. Coorgs’ relative wealth attracted several would-be invaders including the Vijayanagars and the late Medieval Deccan sultanates, but the Coorgs' fierce armed men repulsed all of them. The Coorgs have always been great lovers of freedom and an orthodox Hinduism (Shanathana Dharma), they may have taken over from the indigenous animist culture in the sixteenth century, but the so called Hindu caste system never penetrated among Coorgs. Even the Kannadiga rajas, though they were also Hindus, deferred to a council of ministers and were much more accountable than usual for Maharajas.

Wedding Guests with their Traditional Dress

Coorgs Wedding Ceremony: Just Married couples with a best man & woman – Ladies of Coorgs with their Sari Style

Coorgs Style: Dawn of a two day Wedding Ceremony

In their desire to keep their freedom, the Coorgs even beat off invasion from Hyder Ali and his son, Tipu Sultan, the Muslim warlords who conquered almost all of southern Bharata in the 18th century. Even these all but invincible warrior-sultans found it impossible to campaign among Coorgs’ tactically valuable mountain routes to the coast. The Kannadiga rajas of Coorg and the local Coorgs headmen deliberately kept the hill country devoid of roads, allowing only the narrowest of jungle trails between settlements, thus making the uplands impregnable against anyone unfamiliar with the territory. However, this security eventually resulted in the late 18th-century and early 19th-century rajas becoming corrupt, petty despots, who finally alienated their freedom-loving people. Finally, Tipu Sultan captured Kannadiga Rajas along with their 20,000 Soldier. This was a clear victory for Coorgs, and Coorg soldiers over thrown the Tipu Sultan’s rule out of Coorg, and restored the local rajas to the power. During the reign of Chikaveera Rajendra in the 1830’s, Coorg suddenly relinquished its long-coveted Independence-giving it up voluntarily to the British for English education when the rest of the southern Bharata fell to the British. The unconquered Coorgs; the conditions that brought this were complex but resulted in one of the most unusual episodes of southern Bharatian 19th-century history.

Coorgs "Thanksgiving Day" Festival, Usually Takes Place, First Week of December. Also Known as Puthri among Coorgs

"Thanksgiving Day" Festival Singers

Three day, "Thanksgiving Day" Festival Dance Team Members

Close up action of the Puthri festival dances

Coorgs harvest (puttari) dance Vs Yemeni harvest dance – best evidence ever

1: Coorgs Puttri Dance Vs 2: Yemeni Harvest Dance

Note: During the Harappan civilization Yemen was known as Yamuna and the ancient Bharatians populated the Yamuna peninsula as well as the region of Mesopotamia about 9,000 years ago. About two million ancient southern Bharatians have been living in the port city of Aden, Yemen, since 1,500 BC. Some believe the ancient Bharatian tribal traditional cultural exchanges were common amongst various tribes between the two continents. The Yemeni tribes who live along the border of Yemen and Saudi Arabia probably adopted the ancient Kodava cultural civilization from the region of Coorg during the Queen of Sheba’s spice trade era because they also celebrate male childbirth with a 'gun salute' and their traditional attire is similar to that of the Kodavas with a peechekati (dagger). The Yemenis call it Jambia. The rest of the Yemenis also adopted the ancient Bharatian Kodava culture including some ceremonial clothing designs, which is also intact even today.

Marriage: The Yemeni tribal bridegroom walks with his friends to the bride’s house in order to bring her to the groom’s home. The vast majority of Yemeni tribes do not use any priest to perform their wedding ceremony. Instead their elders perform their marriage ceremony, and this is the exact marriage custom of the Kodavas on the other side of the continent. This shows the Yemenis also adopted marriage tradition of Kodavas and they continue to practice such traditions even after they adopted the Islam in 639 AD. See the ancient link for Yemeni traditional attire photos.

Ancient Link

Coorgs Civilization

The British declared Coorg to be a protected state of the empire and asked the Coorgs to choose a governor from among their own people. The council of ministers elected Coorgs Boppana, the minister who had openly defied both Basava and the Kannadiga rajas and, when this was cried around the kingdom, none of the Coorgs headmen and nobles raised any objection. From 1834 onwards, Coorgs Boppana and, after him, his descendants administered Coorg. In return for their co-operation, the British allowed the state to retain a nominal independence and English education.

The rule of the Kannadiga Rajas was thus never directly applied to the Coorgs and even today the place has a separate state movement. Coorgs cultural flavor is distinct from the rest of the Bharata; even the British were unable to conquer the Coorgs militarily. In Indian history, the Coorg kingdom, and its people Coorgs becomes the unconquered people of Bharata.

Coorg is one of the most unspoiled regions of South-West Bharata. Hiking trails run from lowland jungle up through coffee plantations shaded by indigenous jungle trees and finally through wild forest onto high ridges of natural grassland. The Nagarahole wildlife sanctuary in the southern tip Coorg is one of the best places for seeing wild elephants, tiger and leopards. For trekking, many of the wildlife sanctuaries have huts and will supply guides. Visitors will have the breath taking view of the Coorg's landscape and surrounding hills, from the top of the Brahmagiri Mountain, which is about 5100 feet high.

Field Marshal Cariappa K.M

The First Commander-in-Chief of Independence of India

This web page is dedicated to Commander-In-Chief: Field Marshal Cariappa K.M

And the first Indian United Nation Army General in Cyprus - 1970's: Thimmaiah K.S of Coorg

Field Marshal Cariappa K.M

General K. M. Cariappa, Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army, had dignity, poise and determination. The first Indian to hold the Commander-in-Chief position in free India, his immense contribution to Indian defense has made him immortal in our defense history. Born on January 28, 1900 in Coorg, Kodandera Madappa Cariappa joined the Central High School at Mercara and distinguished himself with his inborn leadership qualities.

Mr. K.M Cariappa later joined the Presidency College in Madras for his higher studies, grew up equally attached to books and plays under the guidance of renowned academicians. He was an active sportsman and played with vigor and brilliance, games like hockey and tennis. General Cariappa served in Iraq, Syria and Iran from 1941-1942 and then in Burma in 1943-1944.

While in Iraq, he served under Major General Slim, who later became General William Slim and commanded the famous Fourteenth Army and was a Field Marshal as Chief of the Imperial General Staff in the UK. General Cariappa later became full General and assumed the appointment of Chief of Army Staff and Commander-in-Chief, Indian Army.

General K.M Cariappa’s association with the Indian Army is spread over an unbroken period of more than 29 years, during which he had wide experience of staff work and command. He took active part in the reorganization of armed forces in many foreign countries. General Cariappa was a much-traveled man. He visited parts of China, Japan, the United States, Great Britain and Canada and most of the European countries.

General K.M Cariappa had great concern for the nation. He saw himself as an Indian first and only then as an officer of high rank, which is one of the reasons why Cariappa is still held in high esteem by his fellow Coorgs and the rest of the country. If there is one man whom Coorgs identify with them with reverence is Field Marshal General K.M Cariappa.

Apart from being a military man, Field Marshal Cariappa had insight about the status of the country. He is quoted as saying "In modern warfare, a large army is not sufficient, it needs industrial potential behind it. If the army is the first line of defense, the industry is the second". General Cariappa said that the soldiers know the facility of wars to solve the internal problems. We ought to be ashamed that today they had more peace in war than peace in peace". A "soldier is above the politics and should not believe in caste or creed", was another firm belief of a great soldier. His career in the Army during which he had the rare distinction of being "first" in many spheres is a continuous tale of upward progress. He was the first Indian cadet to be commissioned from British Daly College, Indore, and the first Indian Officer to enter the British Staff College of Quetta.

  • The first Indian to be commissioned at the age of nineteen.
  • The first Indian Brigadier.
  • The first Indian to enter Imperial Defense College in England.
  • The first Major General in 1947.
  • The first Indian Chief of Staff / Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army.
  • Queen of England : General K. M Cariappa was awarded the 'Order of the British Empire' (OBE).
  • US President Harry S. Truman: General K.M Cariappa was awarded 'Order of the Chief Commander of the Legion of Merit'.

He lived and remained, as he said, "an Indian and to the last breath would remain an Indian. The legendary Hero of this great country who professed duty, discipline and loyalty to the nation is now history.

Source: Cadogan Book Plc, London House, Copy Right @ Frank Kusy, British Library

Sincere thanks to Mr. Frank Kusy and John Issac

 

Note: Among Coorgs, once eighteen Greek words were commonly used, especially the greeting "Enne Ray", which bears a striking resemblance to the Greek's greeting, "Ella Ray." This is a common form of greeting used by Coorgs and the Greeks when addressing friends who are peers. However, these terms are never to be used when greeting their elders. If some one does, then the effect and impact are the same amongst Coorgs and Greeks; it is an affront. This is true even though Coorg and Greece are thousands of miles apart. This is a key indication that the Scythian Greek armed forces probably (a wild speculation) settled in the region of Coorg, after Alexander of Macedonia had abandoned his northwestern Indian military campaign, the Scythian soldiers may have moved to settle on the southwestern region of Coorg where Kodava kingdom rulers may have welcomed them. During the past 2,325 years, the influence of their civilization has waned. The nuclear DNA reveals, the ancient Bharatians populated the greater Yemen peninsula with Indus culture and traditions around 7,000 BC. The tribal people of Yemen peninsula worshiped various Indus idols; the Shiva temple complex in Mecca was one such best evidence, where they worshiped 360 Indus idols. Even today, Coorgs/Kodavas' valuable traditional dress, dance, and peechekati are intact, which is also the cultural treasure for the Yemeni tribes even though they have modified their Jambia, traditional dress and dance. Thanks giving Day or Puthri is a harvest festival of Coorgs. A final thought; around 450 B C at Taxila University, a Vedic Learning Center which is located at northwestern region of Bharata, Greek was the second language, and even today some Greek is spoken locally: because around 450 BC many Greek students went to study at Taxila University like the Romans, Egyptians, Mesopotamians, Tibetans, Jewish people, Central Asians, and Middle easterners who studied at Takshashila University. One should know that the Roman Latin, around 850 B C and the Greek, around 600 B C were composed from the ancient Sanskrit called Brāhmī Script. Around 500 BC various regions of Bharatians went to study at world’s oldest Taxila University. So, it is any one’s educated speculation how the Greek words were migrated into the region of Coorg.

Copy @ right: "Coorgs of Coorg" and "Native people of Coorg

PrinceofCoorg

Coorgs Royal Seal

Emblem

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