Coorg is a small state situated in the Western Ghats of southern Bharata. It has an area of 1,595 square miles and a population of over 550,000. Coorg State is four times larger than Hong Kong and six times larger than Singapore. Origin of Coorgs: Alexander of Macedonia conquered greatest Achaemenid Empire, modern name Persian Empire, in 334 BC and rest of the Asia Minor. Around 330 BC, Alexander recruited the warriors of Abkhazians, Persians and Scythians to join his armed forces and in May of 327 BC Alexander invades Bharata at Nysa, Indus River and in two years he has conquered a vast regions of northwestern Bharata through February of 325 BC. In 326 BC, the mutiny at the Hyphasis River, modern name Beas River, not to cross it, fearing a very large Magadha Empire army (Nanda dynasty) was waiting for them for a fierce battle at the Ganges River bank. Alexander abandoned his eastern campaign of Bharata because he was unsuccessful persuading his armed forces and his general Coenus pleaded with him and Alexander turned back for campaigning remaining of western Bharata and he was victorious in all the battles. In 325 BC, Alexander ordered the Scythian and Persian soldiers to return to Persia. Only the Greek army and generals ruled their conquered Indus kingdom at the capital of Taxila for 20-years from 325 BC through 316 BC and by a Greek general Sophytes from 305 BC through 294 BC. Result of Mutiny at the River bank of Beas: many Greek, Scythian and Persian soldiers fled to southern Western Ghats of Bharata where they may have assimilated with the Ahma Kodavas about 2,342 years ago establishing a separate CLAN system decreasing Ahma Kodavas dramatically, perhaps even forming their own small kingdom, eventually accepting their dialect and the local personal names. Greek-Scythian dialect among the soldiers may have warned in years. Presently, Coorgs' traditional attire was Ahma Kodava origin except alcohol, meat and fish consumptions, which are Greek-Scythian origin including harvest festival and Coorgs also have a tendency to join the army. Scythian men's headgears are similar to Coorgs, not traditional attire Turban!! From the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom, Demetrius I invades northwestern Bharata and he founded Indo-Greek Empire in 180 BC and they ruled through 10 AD. The Scythian migrants from Asia Minor founded their Indo-Scythian Empire in 110 BC at the northwestern Bharata when the Indo-Greek Empire was flouring. The Indo-Scythian Empire decimated the Indo-Greek Empire in 10 AD, and the Greeks perhaps assimilated within the Scythian Empire. Some scholars speculate Coorgs' civilization (or Kodavas as it is known today) probably evolved from a synthesis of Indo-Greek Empire or Indo-Aryan civilization of Indus valley. No historical written documents were maintained either by Greeks or Scythians. In 395 AD, Indo-Scythian Empire was totally dismantled by Gupta Empire, Chandragupta II and a vast majority of the Scythians fled to Persia and some of them stayed back in Bharata and they eventually formed a Rajput Empire around 700 AD. Once eighteen Greek words were commonly spoken amongst Coorgs/Kodavas. Modern world: Coorgs are an Orthodox Hindu Aryan community, and as a Martial Race of Bharata they belong under the ruling-class umbrella of Kshatriya-warrior community. In the 1900's during the British era and their influence, the Coorgs became westernized. Coorgs are conservative people, and the only Bharatian community who do not follow foolish dowry custom . Their marriage ceremonies are performed by their elders and not by Brahmin priests as the rest of the Indus Bharatians. In the future, Coorgs should consider to have a few Vedic priests during their wedding ceremonies to recite Vedic mantra, along with Agni sacrifice. Coorgs celebrate male births with a 'gun salute' and their death ceremonies, with a 'double gun salute.' Sir Erskine Perry, author and anthropologist, wrote that the Coorgs "have no resemblance to any other races of southern Bharata" and that they are "by far the finest race" he has seen in Bharata, in point of independent bearing, good looks, and all the outward signs of well-being." Herbert Risley was a British ethnographer and colonial administrator who did extensive work on the classification of the various caste systems in Bharata during the "landmark" census of 1901, described the Coorgs as the "finest race without any exception in southern Bharata" and considered them to the status of Kashmiri Pundits in respect to skin, color, and stature. Once Kashmiri were also Indo-Scythian origin. The Coorgs have their own festivals: 1. Puthri, "Thanksgiving Day", and 2. Keil Poldu, the "Festival of Fire Arms", and they do not celebrate any other Indus festivals of Bharata. In recent years, they have adopted a few Bharatian festivals. The tradition of the "Coorgs' tiger wedding" no longer exists. Sadly, the fifty-year year-old highly decorated "Coorg Regiment" of the Bharatian army was re-designated as the "Karnataka Regiment" in 1996 by a radical Prime Minister of India, who was jealously attempting to eliminate the Coorgs' proud ancestral identity. The Coorgs are a patriotic people of Bharata, and because of their traditional custom, the Bharatian constitution permits them to carry guns without a license in Coorg. Book: "Caste and Class in Bharata".
Brahmins are considered as inferior to Coorgs of Coorg because Coorgs do not care for Brahmin caste or any such superiority. In the region of Coorg, the River Cauvery and its nearby mountains were created millions of years ago by volcanic activities. Unfortunately, the local Brahman priests fill the people of Coorg with mythical tales about the origins of the River Cauvery Geyser. They profited from the organized yearly 'Cauvery Sankaramana' festival where many local people superstitiously attend. The Cauvery River Sankaramana is one big myth, and it is foolish to celebrate such a festival. Coorgs/Kodavas, who live in North America, if they prefer, they could celebrate their Cauvery Sankaramana at Yellow Stone National Park, at any one of the many wonderful Geyser. I wish future generation of Coorgs masters the ancient language Samskritam, and some important Indus scriptures, which has many hidden ancient science, mathematics, astronomy, astrology, and ancient world histories. Coorgs speaks Ama Kodava's dialect 'Kodava Takk', which has any value in this modern world. It is wise to learn Samskritam to earn the true meanings of Vedas (recited by the BrahmRishis tens of thousands years ago), Upanishads, 108 of them are important, Bhagavad Gita and some other important ancient Indus scriptures including 93,000 verses Worldwide MahaBharata War, and 24,000 verses of Ramayanam, which details the world map at that time, 1.7 million years go. Note: strictly speaking Hindi, Punjabi, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Urdu, English, French, Spanish, German …. many others aren't languages. Only the Samskritam of 2,000 BC, Magadhi Prakrit, Gupta, Tamale, Telugu, Gujarati, Chinese, modified from Brāhmī Scripts the Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Russian were ancient languages. Ancient Samskritam Brāhmī Scripts were the mothers of the modern languages; Indo-European language families were born.
New Greek invasion formed Indo-Greek Empire, and the Greek kings in their reign from 180 BC through 10 AD have done enormous contribution to the Hindu societies and Buddhism. Hindu temples have some stone statues that were dedicated to Greek statesmen. One Greek king built a Buddhist Stupa in Sri Lanka/Lenke. Indo-Scythian Empire, where Scythians rulers also did enormous contribution to the Hindu societies and Buddhism in their reign from 110 BC through 395 AD. Indo-Kushan Empire has begun their journey from Asia Minor and they established their kingdom in Bharata. Kushan first king was Heraios and his reign was around First AD through 30 AD and the Kushans ruled Western Bharata until 375 AD and they also have done some contribution to the Hindu societies and Buddhism. Indo-Parthian (Persian) Empire rooted from 12 BC through 130 AD ruling some parts of Western Bharata. Around eleven century AD, the Central Asian Islamic invaders numerous times invaded northern Bharata dismantling many famous Indus Universities, especially Nalanda and Hindu temples. The various Islamic rulers have changed the demographic and histories of ancient Bharata, decimating Hindu culture forever. The British intervenes stopped the further expansion of Islamic Empire in Bharata and that was one of the huge contribution to the Hindu societies. This could be a divine's plan. The British have done enormous contribution to Bharatians, housing developments, Railways, Roads, Bridges, introducing automobiles, Telegraphic system and they translated many Indus Scriptures into English to the world and they provided education for all the societies.
Tens of thousands of years ago, prior to Worldwide MahaBharata War ancient Bharatians have migrated to Central Asia and Eastern European regions.
Ancient human migration from Bharata to the Central Asia can be traced by their dialects and DNA. Throughout world, the human migrations are for millions of years.
Wedding Guests with their Traditional Dress
Coorgs Wedding Ceremony: Just Married couples with a best man & woman – Ladies of Coorgs with their Sari Style
Coorgs Style: Dawn of a two day Wedding Ceremony
In their desire to keep their freedom, the Coorgs even beat off invasion from Hyder Ali and his son, Tipu Sultan, the Islamic warlords who conquered almost all of southern Bharata in the eighteen -century. Even these all but invincible warrior-sultans found it impossible to campaign among Coorgs' tactically valuable mountain routes to the coast. The Kannadiga rajas of Coorg and the local Coorgs headmen deliberately kept the hill country devoid of roads, allowing only the narrowest of jungle trails between settlements, thus making the uplands impregnable against anyone unfamiliar with the territory. However, this security eventually resulted in the late eighteen -century and early nineteenth -century rajas becoming corrupt, petty despots, who finally alienated their freedom-loving people. Finally, Tipu Sultan captured Kannadiga Rajas along with their 20,000 Soldier. This was a clear victory for Coorgs, and Coorg soldiers over thrown the Tipu Sultan's rule out of Coorg, and restored the local Rajas to the power. During the reign of Chikaveera Rajendra in the early 1830's, Coorg suddenly relinquished its long-coveted Independence-giving it up voluntarily to the British for English education when the rest of the southern Bharata fell to the British Empire. The unconquered Coorgs; the conditions that brought this were complex but resulted in one of the most unusual episodes of southern Bharatian nineteenth -century history.
Coorgs "Thanksgiving Day" Festival, Usually Takes Place, First Week of December. Also Known as Puthri among Coorgs
"Thanksgiving Day" Festival Singers
Three day, "Thanksgiving Day" Festival Dance Team Members
Close up action of the Puthri festival dances
Coorgs harvest (Puttari) dance Vs Yemeni harvest dance - best evidence ever
1: Coorgs Puttri Dance Vs
2: Yemeni Harvest Dance
Note: Indo-Harappan civilization populated Middle East about 9,000 years ago including El Yamuna (Yemen) and the traders of ancient southern Bharatians populated El Yamuna peninsula. Since 1,500 BC, about two million ancient southern Bharatians have been living in the port city of Aden, Yemen, perhaps some Ahma Kodavas also. Some believe the ancient Bharatian tribal traditional cultural exchanges were common amongst various tribes between Bharata and Middle East. The Yemeni tribes who live along the border of Yemen and Saudi Arabia probably adopted the ancient Ahma Kodava cultural civilization from the region of Coorg during the Queen of Sheba's spice trade era along with the Arab tribal Nabataeans because they also celebrate male childbirth with a 'gun salute' and their traditional attire is similar to that of the Ahma Kodavas with a royal Peechekati (dagger). The Yemenis call it Jambia. In the Seventh century AD Arab traders also settled in Kerala. El Yamuna (Yemen) people maintained Indus Mathematics, caste system, Kerala Lungi, Ahma Kodavas' traditional attires and some marriage customs. In spite of Islam spread in 630 AD, Yemenis still have some Indus names like Harish, Khayappa and Muthanna. In the 1990's first Prime Minister of El Yamuna was origin of Kerala.
Marriage: The Yemeni tribal bridegroom walks with his friends to the bride's house in order to bring her to the groom's home. This is the exact tradition of Ahma Kodavas. The vast majority of Yemeni tribes do not use any priest to perform their wedding ceremony. Instead their elders perform their marriage ceremony, and this is the exact marriage custom of the Ahma Kodavas and Coorgs on the other side of the continent. This shows the Yemenis also adopted marriage tradition of Ahma Kodavas and they continue to practice such traditions even after they adopted the Islam in 630 AD. See the ancient link for Yemeni traditional attire photos.
The British declared Coorg to be a protected state of the empire and asked the Coorgs to choose a governor from among their own people. The council of ministers elected Coorgs Boppana, the minister who had openly defied both Basava and the Kannadiga rajas and, when this was cried around the kingdom, none of the Coorgs headmen and nobles raised any objection. From 1834 onwards, Coorgs Boppana and, after him, his descendants administered Coorg. In return for their co-operation, the British allowed the state to retain a nominal independence and English education.
The rule of the Kannadiga Rajas was thus never directly applied to the Coorgs and even today the place has a separate state movement. Coorgs cultural flavor is distinct from the rest of the Bharata; even the British were unable to conquer the Coorgs militarily. In Indian history, the Coorg kingdom, and its people Coorgs becomes the unconquered people of Bharata,
Coorg is one of the most unspoiled regions of Southern Western Bharata. Hiking trails run from lowland jungle up through Coffee and Tea plantations shaded by indigenous jungle trees and finally through wild forest onto high ridges of natural grassland. The Nagarahole wildlife sanctuary in the southern tip Coorg is one of the best places for seeing wild Elephants, Tigers and Leopards. For trekking, many of the wildlife sanctuaries have huts and will supply guides. Visitors will have the breath taking view of the Coorg's landscape and surrounding hills, from the top of the Brahmagiri Mountain, which is about 5100 feet high.
Field Marshal Cariappa K.M
The First Commander-in-Chief of Independence of India
This web page is dedicated to Commander-In-Chief: Field Marshal Cariappa K.M
And the first Indian United Nation Army General in Cyprus - 1970's: Thimmaiah K.S of Coorg
Field Marshal Cariappa K.M
General K. M. Cariappa, Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army, had dignity, poise and determination. The first Indian to hold the Commander-in-Chief position in free India, his immense contribution to Indian defense has made him immortal in our defense history. Born on January 28, 1900 in Coorg, Kodandera Madappa Cariappa joined the Central High School at Mercara and distinguished himself with his inborn leadership qualities.
Mr. K.M Cariappa later joined the Presidency College in Madras for his higher studies, grew up equally attached to books and plays under the guidance of renowned academicians. He was an active sportsman and played with vigor and brilliance, games like hockey and tennis. General Cariappa served in Iraq, Syria and Iran from 1941-1942 and then in Burma in 1943-1944 AD.
While in Iraq, he served under Major General Slim, who later became General William Slim and commanded the famous Fourteenth Army and was a Field Marshal as Chief of the Imperial General Staff in the UK. General Cariappa later became full General and assumed the appointment of Chief of Army Staff and Commander-in-Chief, Indian Army.
General K.M Cariappa's association with the Indian Army is spread over an unbroken period of more than 29 years, during which he had wide experience of staff work and command. He took active part in the reorganization of armed forces in many foreign countries. General Cariappa was a much-traveled man. He visited parts of China, Japan, the United States, Great Britain and Canada and most of the European countries.
General K.M Cariappa had great concern for the nation. He saw himself as an Indian first and only then as an officer of high rank, which is one of the reasons why Cariappa is still held in high esteem by his fellow Coorgs and the rest of the country. If there is one man whom Coorgs identify with them with reverence is Field Marshal General K.M Cariappa.
Apart from being a military man, Field Marshal Cariappa had insight about the status of the country. He is quoted as saying "In modern warfare, a large army is not sufficient, it needs industrial potential behind it. If the army is the first line of defense, the industry is the second". General Cariappa said that the soldiers know the facility of wars to solve the internal problems. We ought to be ashamed that today they had more peace in war than peace in peace". A "soldier is above the politics and should not believe in caste or creed" was another firm belief of a great soldier. His career in the Army during which he had the rare distinction of being "first" in many spheres is a continuous tale of upward progress. He was the first Indian cadet to be commissioned from British Daly College, Indore, and the first Indian Officer to enter the British Staff College of Quetta.
- The first Indian to be commissioned at the age of nineteen.
- The first Indian Brigadier.
- The first Indian to enter Imperial Defense College in England.
- The first Major General in 1947.
- The first Indian Chief of Staff / Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army.
- Queen of England : General K. M Cariappa was awarded the 'Order of the British Empire' (OBE).
- US President Harry S. Truman: General K.M Cariappa was awarded 'Order of the Chief Commander of the Legion of Merit'.
He lived and remained, as he said, "an Indian and to the last breath would remain an Indian. The legendary Hero of this great country who professed duty, discipline and loyalty to the nation is now history.
Source: Cadogan Book Plc, London House, Copy Right @ Frank Kusy, British Library
Sincere thanks to Mr. Frank Kusy and John Issac
Note: Among Coorgs, once eighteen Greek words were commonly used, especially the greeting "Enne Ray", which bears a striking resemblance to the Greek's greeting, "Ella Ray." This is a common form of greeting used by Coorgs and the Greeks when addressing friends who are peers. However, these terms are never to be used when greeting their elders. If some one does, then the effect and impact are the same amongst Coorgs and Greeks; it is an affront. This is true even though Coorg and Greece are thousands of miles apart. This is a key indication that the Scythian Greek armed forces probably (a wild speculation) settled in the region of Coorg, after Alexander of Macedonia had abandoned his northwestern Indian military campaign, the Scythian soldiers may have moved to settle on the southwestern region of Coorg where Kodava kingdom rulers may have welcomed them. During the past 2,325 years, the influence of their civilization has waned. The nuclear DNA reveals, the ancient Bharatians populated the greater Yemen peninsula with Indus culture and traditions around 7,000 BC during Harappan civilization migration to the Middle East and Egypt. The tribal people of Yemen peninsula worshiped various Indus idols; the Shiva temple complex in Mecca was one such best evidence, where they worshiped 360 Indus idols. Even today, Coorgs/Kodavas' valuable traditional dress, dance, and peechekati are intact, which is also the cultural treasure for the Yemeni tribes even though they have modified their Jambia, traditional dress and dance. Thanks giving Day or Puthri is a harvest festival of Coorgs. A final thought; around 450 B C at Taxila University, a Vedic Learning Center which is located at northwestern region of Bharata, Greek was the second language, and even today some Greek is spoken locally: because around 450 BC many Greek students went to study at Taxila University like the Romans, Egyptians, Mesopotamians, Tibetans, Jewish people, Central Asians, and Middle easterners who studied at Takshashila University. One should know that the Roman Latin, around 850 B C and the Greek, around 600 B C were composed from the ancient Samskritam called Brāhmī Script. Around 500 BC various regions of Bharatians went to study at world's oldest Taxila University. So, it is any one's educated speculation how the Greek words were migrated into the region of Coorg.
Copy @ right: "Coorgs of Coorg" and "Native people of Coorg
Prince of Coorg
Coorgs Royal Seal
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