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OM

BHARATA: Root of all the Western Civilization

National Language of Bharata: Samskritam

Veda means knowledge

OM: the creation sound of the Cosmos (AhBrahm)

OM became original Vedic mantra

Bharata: the original name of ancient Bharata

Guru Brahma, Guru Vishnu, Guru Deva Maheshvara

Vedas are the divine Constitution of Bharata

Recited by

Yajurveda 40.1: the entire cosmos is embedded within and managed by the One and Only, One Supreme God 'Ishwaram'. Never dare to do any injustice or desire riches through unjust means. Instead follow the righteous path and enjoy his bliss. After all he alone is the source of all bliss! Rigveda 10.48.1: 'Ishwaram' alone is omnipresent and manager of the entire universe. He alone provides victory and eternal cause of world. All souls should look up only to Him in the same manner as children look up to their Father. He alone provides for our sustenance and bliss. Rigveda 10.48.5: 'Ishwaram' enlightens the entire world. 'Ishwaram' is undefeated and undying and He is the light of the Universe. All souls should seek bliss through seeking knowledge and acting thereupon. They should never shun the friendship of 'Ishwaram'. Rigveda 10.49.1: 'Ishwaram' alone provides true knowledge to truth seekers. 'Ishwaram' alone is promoter of knowledge and motivates virtuous people into noble actions to seek bliss. 'Ishwaram' alone is the creator and manager of the world. Hence never worship anyone else except One and Only 'Ishwaram'. Yajurveda 13.4: there is 'One and Only One' supreme Creator and Maintainer of the entire Cosmos. He alone is sustaining the earth, sky and other heavenly bodies. 'Ishwaram' is Bliss Himself! Ishwar alone deserves to be worshipped by us. Modern Hindus have to understand that Ishwaram is not mythical destroyer Shiva. The Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are the deity's names to identify the cosmos. The Vedas' core principles are embodied into Bible and Koran.

Atharvaveda 13.4.16-21: 'Ishwaram' is neither two, nor three, nor four, nor five, nor six, nor seven, nor eight, nor nine, nor ten. He is, on the contrary, 'One and Only One' Supreme. There is no other 'Ishwaram' except Him. All Devatas reside within Him and controlled by Him. So, 'Ishwaram' alone should be worshipped, none else. Atharvaveda 10.7.38: 'Ishwaram' alone is greatest and worth being worshipped. He is the source of all knowledge and activities. Yajurveda 32.11: 'Ishwaram' resides at each point of the Universe (there are millions of galaxies). No space is devoid of 'Ishwaram' and He is self-sustaining and does not need help of any angel, prophet or incarnation to perform His duties. The soul that is able to realize this 'One and Only One' Supreme Ishwaram achieves Him and enjoys unconditional ultimate bliss or Moksha. There are innumerable such mantras in Vedas that explain 'One and Only One' supreme Ishwaram and instructs us to worship 'Ishwaram' directly. Please note:  'Ishwaram' is Maheshvaram, Mahatmana, Paramesvaram or Paramatma, only to identify 'One' Supreme God

Harappan Civilization Images: 9,000 years old

The ancient nation Bharata started to shape its destiny by adopting a democratic process of governance in 1947, after fifteen thousands years of deep rooted great heritage and culture. The secret of Bharata's success with the experiment in the democracy can be found in ancient wisdom, Upanishads. Once Bharata was leading the world in scientific advancement until the ninth century. The decline of Bharatiya science was during the medieval ages because of the foreign invasions, subjugation and eventually Islamic and European exploitations for 950 years.

1. The History of Ancient Mathematics 2. History of Ancient Mathematics

During the Islamic and European domination, Bharata's history, mathematics, astronomy, philosophy, core principle of Shanatana Dharma, the Vedic traditions, and all the scientific and spiritual Indus scriptures were interpreted from the Western paradigm and ridiculed to the extent that Bharatians have lost their faith in their scriptures once deeply rooted in Bharata. The people who have studied ancient Indus scriptures wonder-struck by the achievement of Hindus about their higher scientific knowledge that they have possessed are in tandem with modern scientific research. The expressions of scientific opinions contrary to popular or religious beliefs were common in the Vedic age. The religious persecution bears testimony to the spirit of tolerance in Bharata's Indus culture, except in Varna caste system. A brief overview of some remarkable achievements of ancient Hindus will emit a flash of light on the depth of their scientific knowledge in various fields specifically in astronomy and mathematics.

476 AD, Indus mathematician Aryabhatta concluded that the earth is elliptically orbit round the Sun and revolves on its own axis. The ancient Bharata invented the basic mathematical numbers from zero to nine and infinity; these are the outstanding contribution of Hindus to the rest of the world. The Hindus not only developed the Indus mathematical numerical system but also decimal system that spread to Arab region around 700 AD. Eventually Indus-Arabic numerical system reached Roma Empire capital Roma and the Western Europe around ninth century. In Vatican Pope used burn people to the stake whoever try to use Indus-Arabic numerical system except Roman only. Ancient Hindus laid the foundation for the modern mathematics and the scientific advancement in Vimana (airplane) Astra (rocket) and Aatronomy. In the following pages read the list of ancient Indus mathematicians and schools.

The ancient Indus text of Agastya Samhita describes the method of making electric battery where water can be split into oxygen and hydrogen. When we talk of gravity, Newton comes to our mind, but it is stated in the Indus scripture Surya Siddhanta dated around 400 AD, where Bhaskaracharya described in details. "Objects fall on the earth due to one force, and the Sun, Earth, Moon, planets, constellations are held in certain orbital position because of that one force."

Albert Einstein wrote: we owe a lot to the ancient Bharatians, who taught us science, astronomy and mathematics, without which no worthwhile modern scientific discovery could have been made.

Lin Yutang (1895-1976), a Chinese scholar and author wrote, "Ancient Bharata was China's teacher in trigonometry, quadratic equations, grammar, phonetics and philosophy." He states that ancient Bharata conquered China without sending a single soldier; answer Buddhism.

Mark Twain (1835-1910), lecturer and writer wrote, "Ancient Bharata is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great-grandmother of tradition. Our most valuable and most attractive materials in the history of man are treasured up in Bharata only." Note: in this modern era, after the Islamic and European (British) domination for 950 years, Bharata became a dirt land along with her confused subjects.

William Durant (1885-1981), an eminent American historian wrote, "Ancient Bharata was the mother of our race and earlier Samskritam is the mother of Europe's languages. She was the mother of our philosophy, mother through the Arabs, of much of our mathematics, mother through Buddha, of the ideals embodied in Christianity, mother through village of self-government and democracy. Mother Bharata is in many ways the mother of us all." * Note: Islamic numerous invasions and their dominance and European occupations for 950 years, systematically destroyed Bharata's ancient educational institutions.

The Vedic Cosmology is another form of ancient Vedic science, mathematics, and astronomy to name a few Surya Siddhanta, and Brahma Sutra. This can be confirmed by the modern scientific findings and is acknowledged by well-known modern scientists and authors, such as Carl Sagan and Count Maurice Maeterlinck of France, who recognized that the cosmology of the Vedas closely parallels to modern scientific findings.

Voltaire (1694-1778), the famous French writer and philosopher stated, "Pythagoras went to Varanasi to learn geometry." A statue of Pythagoras is still seen in Varanasi. Abraham Seidenberg, author of the authoritative "History of Mathematics," credits the Sulba Sutras as inspiring all mathematics of the ancient world from Babylonia through Egypt to Greece. The theorem bearing the name of the Greek mathematician Pythagoras is found in the Shatapatha Brahmana as well as the Sulba Sutra, the Bharatiya mathematical treatise, written centuries before Pythagoras was born in Greece. Note: this is funny, in 1947 onwards the modern Bharatiya government and schools decided to teach westernized science and mathematics, not ancient Bharata's.

Jean-Claude Bailly (1933-2007), French astronomer, corroborated the antiquity and accuracy of the Vedic astronomical measurements as "more ancient than those of the Greeks, Babylonians or Egyptians." He added that "the movements of the stars were calculated more than 5,200 years ago by the ancient Indus Maharishis during the Vedic periods, and it does not differ by a minute from the tables of today."

Chess (Shataranja or Ashta Pada) was invented around 600 BC in ancient Bharata and spread into Persia, Afghanistan, and Central Asia. In 400 BC, the Chess game became popular throughout ancient Bharata among the royal families, courtiers, military, and the elite.

Polo first played in the western region of ancient Bharata and later played in eastern Persia between the years of 400 BC to first century AD. The Rajasthan rajahs mastered the Polo game, and eventually spread throughout northern Bharata and some Far Eastern nations. In Manipur, the Polo match was traditionally played with seven players on each side. Later, Polo was played in Cambodia under King Suryavarman, Sri Vijaya Empire. In 1860 the British popularized the Polo match; however, the British never won a Polo match with Rajasthani Rajahs.

Julius Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967), the father of the modern atomic bomb, stated, "the Vedas are the greatest privilege of this century." During the test of the first atomic bomb, Oppenheimer reads Bhagavad-Gita, chapter-11, verses 12, 17 and 32 "If the radiance of a thousand suns were to burst at once into the sky, that it would be like the splendor of the Mighty One," and "I am become Death, the Destroyer of the Worlds."

The spiritual language Samskritam has perfect phonetics amongst world languages. The Bharata's linguist Pinnani's grammar is an excellent book showing the depth of language development. Sir Monier William's, a 17th century Samskritam scholar, wrote that "The Pinnani grammar reflects the wonderful capacity of the human brain which till today and no other country has been able to produce except Bharata and the modern education system of the western world have their roots in ancient Bharata." The great historian William Durant (1885-1981); an eminent American historian, in his book "Story of Civilization; Our Oriental Heritage," described ancient Bharata as the most ancient civilization on the earth, and "Bharata is the mother of our race and ancient Samskritam (Brahmic Scripts) is the mother of the European languages." The ancient Bharata is the mother of our modern and Greek philosophy. Note: Samskritam is the most suitable language for computer software that reported in the Forbes magazine, July 1987 issue.

Pachisi is a board game invented in ancient Bharata prior to Mahabharata War era, about 5,400 years ago, and once it is described as the national game of Bharata. The Pachisi game was played between Pandava and Kaurava kings around 3128 BC until Pandavas lost their kingdom for thirteen years. The Kaurava kings refused to honor their pledge to return the Pandavas' kingdom on the thirteenth year, presumably that led to the Mahabharata War, defeating the entire Kaurava army of Central Asia, Middle East, and Eastern European regions. The game Pachisi is played on a board shaped like a symmetrical cross. A player's pieces move around the board based upon a throw of six or seven Cowrie shells (a sea snail), with the number of shells landing aperture upwards indicating the number of places to move. In the Aztec ruins in Mexico, vestiges of a similar game have been found called Patolli. The ancient Bharatiya Pachisi game was commonly known as Patolli board game during the Maya, Toltecs, and Aztecs Empire eras in the Middle America (Patala Loka). The westernized version of the game is spelled Parcheesi.

 

TAXILA: World's First Famous University

The ancient Bharatiya kingdom of Taxila once regarded as the educational capital of the world by the Greeks, Middle Easterners, and Central Asians

The ruins of Taxila/Takkasila; the Vedic Philosophy educational Center of Ancient Bharata (550 BC-326 BC), where various sixty subjects were taught there.

In 1980; Taxila (Takshashila or Takkasila University) was declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site with its multiple locations.

The world's first university Takshashila was established at Taxila, western region of ancient Bharata, around 550 BC, when the whole world was in the Dark Ages. Over 10,000 students from the Central Asia, including ancient Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Mesopotamians, Tibetans, Jewish people, and elite Bharatians studied more than 60 subjects at Takshashila University. The Macedonian Alexander's invasion to ancient western Bharata in 326 BC ended the ancient educational learning center of Takshashila. The word Takshashila in Samskritam means "belonging to the Rajah Taksha." In 450 BC, the Modern Greek historian Herodotus, with many prospective Greek students, arrived in Taxila to study at Takshashila University, making references that Takshashila influenced Greek culture, and his fellow Greek students became the great philosophers in Greece. At Taxila the teachings were bilingual for the better part of the two hundread years where Greek became the second language. Basically Takshashila was a Vedic Learning Center and their famous teacher was Chankya, during the first Maurya Emperor Chandragupta.

Some Buddist scholars date Takshashila's existence back to 550 or 600 BC. It became a well-known higher learning center at least several centuries before first century AD, and continued to attract students from the neighboring old world cultures, mainly Central Asians, Tibetants, and Mesopotamians, until the Alexander Mecedoain invasion to the city in 326 BC. Generally, a student enters Takshashila at the age of sixteen. The subjects were, secretive science of Vedas, mathematics, astronomy, philospohy, Ayurvedic medicine, and shastras were taught, as well as the eighteen Arts, which included skills of archeries, elephant lore, Tantra Yoga, meditation, universal law of nature, and military rulers. Today, Taxila is situated at the western part of Islamabad, northwest of Rawalpindi, Pakistan, which is the western region of ancient Bharata. Thomas the Apostle is still honored in Taxila in an annual festival in early July attended by thousands, celebrating the passage of his bones through Taxila on their way to Edessa.

 

NALANDA: World's Second Famous University

The ruins of Nalanda University, ninety four square miles complex is situated at Patna, Bihar, eastern region of Bharata. In 1948-49, China invaded Tibet destroying over sixty Buddhist monasteries, stealing thousands of Nalanda University Indus scriptures, which were stored from the Islamic invaders.

On Septmeber first 2014, at Rajgir, Bihar, new Nalanda University is opened for students; the entire modern compuses will be completed by 2020 AD.

The world's second university Nalanda was established in 427 AD located at the eastern Bharata about 55 miles southeast of Patna. It was one of the greatest achievements of ancient Bharata in the various fields of education systems. The Islamic invaders took six months to burn the Nalanda University in 1197 AD under the command of notorious Muslim invader Bakhtiya Khilji, and once it had over nine million books (mandalas). At least five percent of the volumes, about a few hundred thousand books, were secretly transferred to Nepal and Tibet for preservation. The Chinese scholars Zhang Wen Ming, I Ching, and Yi Jing translated a large number of Nalanda's Indus mandalas from Samskritam and Pali to Chinese.

Nalanda University was one of the world's first residential universities built in an area of ninety-four square miles with dormitories for students. In its' heyday it accommodated over 10,000 students and 2,000 teachers. The university was considered an architectural masterpiece, and was made of lofty brick walls with one major main gate. Nalanda had eight separate compounds and ten temples, along with many other meditation halls and classrooms. On the campus there were a few lakes and parks. The library was located in a nine-story brick building where meticulous copies of texts were produced. The subjects taught at Nalanda University included science, mathematics, astronomy, Vedas, Puranas, and Upanisdhs, and it attracted students and scholars from Korea, Japan, China, Tibet, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Mayalsia, Indonesia, Central Asia, Mesopotamia, Greece, and the Eastern Roma Empire. The Tang Dynasty Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang left detailed accounts of the university in the seventh century AD. The Nalanda's famous teacher was Arya-Bhatta (476–550 AD). The destruction of Nalanda University was the end of ancient Bharata's superiority in science, mathematics, astronomy, alchemy, and anatomy, mainly because of Islamic domination for 400 years, until the British East India Company arrived in 1601 AD. The Modern Bharatians are mastering their anicent knowledge in Vedic science, mathematics and astronomy. The ancient culture, languages, science, mathematics, astronomy and temples of Bharatiya subcontinent were systematically destroyed by the Islamic and British domination for 950 years. The modern day Bharatians are heading back to their ancient root of Bharata's milestone in Science, Astronomy and Mathematics.

On December 9, 2006, The New York Times detailed a plan to rise one billion through various groups to revive Nalanda University near the ancient site. A consortium led by Singapore and including China, Bharata, Japan, and other nations would attempt to raise $500 million to build a new Nalanda and another $500 million to develop ancient infrastructure. On June 12, 2007, News Post India reported that the Japanese diplomat Noro Motoyasu said that "Japan will fund the setting up of a Nalanda International University, in Bihar." The proposed university would be fully residential, like the ancient Nalanda university of learning center. In the first phase of the project, seven schools with 46 foreign faculty members and over 400 Bharatiya academics would take part. The university would impart courses in sciences, medicine, mathematics, astronomy, philosophy, and spiritualism along with other subjects. Finally, on Septmeber first of 2014, at Rajgir, Bihar, a new simillar Nalanda University is opened for students, and rest of the entire modern compuses will be completed by 2020 AD.

1930's Bose-Einstein Theory: Dr. Satyendra Nath Bose was the first Bharatian Nuclear scientist in the modern era. A Bose-Einstein condensate owes its existence to peculiarities of quantum physics, including some important distinctions between two fundamental types of matter - Fermions and Bosons. Fermions include electrons and the quarks that make up Protons and Neutrons within the nucleus of an atom. Bosons include the particles that carry fundamental forces; these include the Photons that carry light and other forms of electromagnetic forces. Two Americans and a German-born scientist shared the 2001 Nobel Prize in physics for "the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates."

Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose (November 30, 1858– November 23, 1937), was a Bengali physicist and science fiction writer, who pioneered the investigation of radio and microwave optics, made extremely significant contributions to plant science, and laid the foundations of experimental science in the Bharatiya subcontinent. He is considered as the father of Radio Science. Sir. Jagadish Chandra Bose was the first scientist from Bharata to get a United States patent in 1904. * Note: Ramanujan Srinivasa's universal infinite series led to Theory of Relativity by Albert Einstein, which he unable to prove it.

Satyendra Nath Bose (January 1, 1894 – February 4, 1974), was a Bengali physicist, specializing in mathematical physics. He is best known for his work on Quantum Mechanics in the early 1920's, providing the foundation for Bose-Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose-Einstein condensate. Although more than one Nobel Prize was awarded for research related to the concepts of the boson, Bose-Einstein statistics and Bose-Einstein condensate - the latest was the 2001 Nobel Prize in Physics, which was given for advancing the theory of Bose-Einstein condensates. Satyendra Bose himself was never awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics. Because of that, in 1921 Albert Einstein protested and refused to take the Nobel Prize for his work in Photoelectric in Physics because his co-scientist Satyendra Nath Bose wasn't awarded the Nobel Prize. Dirt British deliberately intervened in the Nobel Prize process.

1920's Bose-Einstein Theory: Dr. Satyendra Nath Bose, was the Bharata's first Nuclear scientist: A Bose-Einstein condensate owes its existence to peculiarities of Quantum Physics, including some important distinctions between two fundamental types of matter: Fermions and Bosons. Fermions include electrons and the quarks that make up Protons and Neutrons within the nucleus.

First Atomic Bomb: Dr. Ramanna Homi Bhabha, a theoretical physicist and chief architect of Bharata's nuclear programs, orchestrated the effort superbly and conducted it with such a degree of secrecy that when the 15 kiloton nuclear bomb was detonated on May 18, 1974, it caught the world by surprise, only 27 years after Bharata's partial independence in 1947 and USA took over 166 years to develop a atomic bomb.

Second Atomic Bomb: On May 18, 1998, the Buddha's birth anniversary, Bharata tested three nuclear devices at Pokhram, Rajasthan. Two days later, two more tests were conducted and Bharata officially declared itself a new "nuclear weapons state." The Bharata's defiant move is a serious challenge to the international nonproliferation regime and very disturbing to many world leaders, especially China, USA, Canada and Britain.

Atomic Test on Supercomputer: Bharata has become one of the three countries in the world capable of testing nuclear weapons without physically exploding them in the ground. The "Teraflop" range of supercomputer was introduced in 1999, which is capable of carrying out a thousand billion mathematical calculations per second (Once only USA, Japan, Bharata, and Russia had it, and now China also possesses it).

The modern Bharata's First Hydrogen Bomb: Bharata possessed a hydrogen bomb, the scientists declared after conducting the Pokhran II tests in 1999, and also has a thermo-nuclear device. Mahabharata War text states, during the war in 3115 BC, various nuclear weapons were used.

Space Program: In 1962, the Bharata's National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was formed by the Department of Atomic Energy, only fifteen years after Bharata's partial independence from Britain. The United States took 182 years with the help of Nazi German scientists to develop a rocket.

In 1948: The modern Bharata establishes an Atomic Energy Commission for exploration for Uranium Ore. Only one year after the Bharata's independence.

Atomic Test on Supercomputer: modern Bharata has become one of the three countries in the world capable of testing Nuclear weapons without physically exploding them under ground. The "Teraflop" range of supercomputer that is capable of carrying out a thousand billion mathematical calculations per second (USA, Japan and modern Bharata, not even Russia by 2000 and Russia and China may posses it by 2010).

In 1963 November 21, First sounding rocket is launched from Thumba, Bay of Bengal. Only 16 years after the modern Bharata's independence. The United States took 182 years.

In 1969, Bharatiya Space Research Organization (ISRO) is formed under the Department of Atomic Energy. In 1972, Space Commission and Department of Space organized and in 1979 full-scale rocket was launched from Thumba, Bay of Bengal, Bharata. Bangalore became hub for the modern rocket and satellite developments.

In April 1975, the First Bharatiya Satellite Aryabhata was launched by a Soviet rocket. Only 28 years after the Bharata's independence. Since 1975, at Bangalore, scientists of modern Bharatian scientists developed many Satellites including geo-synchronous (GSLV) and developed many short, long-range ballistic missiles and successfully developed Space rockets and launched reaching the Moon and Mars. The modern Indus robots were successfully landed on the Moon and Mars.

Chandrayaan-1: On October 22, 2008, Bharata's unmanned moon spacecraft embarked on a two-year mission on board the indigenously built rocket PSLV-C11. Bharata's mission was carrying a Moon Impactor Probe, the indigenous brainchild of nuclear scientist Dr. Kalam, which would detach from the spacecraft and land on the moon to find water. Bharata is the first nation found water on the Moon, not USA or European Union.

Mars: on September 24, 2014 Bharata's Mars Mission successful on her first attempt to reach the Mars orbit. NASA welcomed the Bharata's Mars mission with Namaste, and Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), breaking into an elite club of three nations where they attempted to reach the Mars 30 times before they finally succeeded.

Dr. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar: NASA's premier X-Ray observatory telescope was named Chandra X-RayTelescope Observatory in the honor of late Bharatian Nobel laureate, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, an astrophysicists of the twentieth century in the United States.

Vinod Dham PhD: Bharatiya origin design Engineer, who architect the Pentium III CPU at Intel Corporation. Dr. Vinod Dham known as the Father of Pentium. Once he was the CEO of Silicon Spice Inc, a Communications Technology development firm in Silicon Valley. President Clinton named Vinod Dham to Advisory Commission.

Hotmail.com: co-founded by Bharatian American, Sabeer Bhatia, and Kanwal S Rekhi, and Microsoft acquires 18 months old Hotmail.com for $400 millions.

Dr. Harin Padma-Nathan: An Bharatian American Scientist, who helped to launch the Viagra potency pill. Created at great expense and delivered with feverish hype.

*** In the United States 14 percent of Scientists and 36 percent of Medical Doctors are Bharatiya origins. In addition, 30 percent of NASA engineers, 32 percent of Microsoft engineers, 20 percent of IBM engineers, and 15 percent of INTEL engineers, and most of the Bharatiya Americans are hardware and software engineers. An article published on the October 9, 1999 issue of Washington Post, the Bharatians in the United States have the highest average household income of any ethnic group compared to African, Chinese, Latino/Hispanic, Korean, Philippine, and Japanese Americans. According to Forbes magazine, there were ten Bharatian billionaires in the year 2000. In addition, Bharatians have co-founded hundreds of high technology corporations, to name a few, such as Sun Micro Systems (co-founders Vinod Khosla and Andy Bechtolsheim), Exodus Communication, Juniper Networks (Pradeep Sindhu), Brocade Communication, Sycamore Networks (Gururaj Desh Deshpande), Teligent Tech, I2Technologies (Sanjiv Sidhu), Inspace (Naveen Jain), Venture Capital firm of Kleiner Perkins Caufield and Byers, Vinod Khosla, Bose Wave Radio (Dr. Amar Bose) and over 4,500 small to mid size Corporations in the United States of America. ***

*** Merrill Lynch estimates over 280,000 Bharatiya origin millionaires: In 2003, the United States has an estimated 3.2 million millionaires, which is less than one percent of its population of 300 million, compared to the nearly 9.5 percent for the Bharatiya origin Americans. That is over 260,000 Bharatiya-origin Merrill Lynch millionaires, along with their wealthy Bharatians, who carry the median Bharatian origin income to over US $60,000 (compared to the national average of $38,885), making it the wealthiest immigrant group in the United States, stated by Merrill Lynch in May 2003. Once Lakshmi Mittal, the fourth richest man in the world, and the richest man in England in 2008. The first Bharatiya origin Piyush Jindal Bobby elected as the governor of Louisiana in November 2007. He was born to Hindu Punjabi parents; however, in high school Piyush Jindal converted to Christianity. In 2008 Presidential hopeful Senator John McCain try to convince Louisiana governor Bobby Jindal to be his vice-presidential candidate; however, Governor Jindal refused such an opportunity. The second Bharatiya origin first generation Nimrata Randhawa (Nicky Haley) elected as the governor of South Carolina in January 2011. The governor Nimrata Randhawa Haley may be selected as the vice presidential candidate for the Republican Nominee in 2017. ***

1: Bose-Einstein 2: Satyendranath Bose 3: Bose-Einstein 1: Scientist Raman 2: Sir Venkata Raman 3: Rabindranath Tagore

1: Chandra X-Ray Telescope 2: Chandra X-Ray Telescope 1: Bharata's Space Program 2: Bharatiya Space Research Organization

Left: This Indus emblem evolved prior to Mahabharata war era in 3115 BC, and it is also described in the Bhagavad Gita, chapter 8, verses 24 and 25. Right: This is not a Jewish "Star of David" as popularly believed to be; however, this Indus sacred emblem is depicted on hundreds of Hindu temples' main door; also known as "Cosmic Dance", which is the Astronomical Map of the Earth (A.M.E), which represents the four seasons; one form of the astronomy of Bharata.

*** The Modern Scientists Vs Maha-Rishis of ancient Bharata: MahaRishis (divine scientists) were correct.***

 

Ancient Mathematicians of Bharata

Baudhayana : (approximately 800 BC), the Indus mathematician who laid down rules of measurement in his masterpiece Sulva Sutra, which also deals with irrational numbers.

Apastambha : (second century BC), the Indus mathematician who experimented with equations to design sacrificial altars.

Bhaskara: (born 114 AD), the Indus mathematician is the father of modern Calculus.

Aryabhatta (476-520 AD), the famous Indus mathematician and astronomer of Pataliputra. The first indigenous Bharatiya satellite is named after him.

Brahmagupta: (598 AD.- 660 AD), the Indus mathematician who worked with indeterminate equations (Varga Prakriti).

Medhatithi: (sixth century AD), the Indus Mathematician who introduced the concept of Logarithmic, the powers of 10 and was able to calculate very large numbers precisely.

Neelakantha: (1444-1545 AD), the Indus mathematician who devised the first known approximation of circular constant, popularly known as *PI*.

Ramanujan Srinivasa: ( (1887-1920), the Indus mathematician from the Madras region of Tamil Nadu, and he became a great modern mathematician, even though he was denied formal education in his early life. His gifted subjects were universal infinite series, number theory, and theta function. He was invited to Oxford University to solve his mathematical riddles; however, some of his mathematical works remain unsolved by the modern day mathematicians. Albert Einstein after understanding Ramanujan's infinite series, he try to establish Theory of Relativities, which he couldn't prove it.

* 01. Baudhayana 800BC, * 02. Manava, 750 BC, * 03. Apastamba 600BC, * 04. Panini, 520 BC, * 05. Katyayana, 200 BC * 06. Yavanesvara, 120 AD * 07. Aryabhata I, 476 AD,

* 08. Yativrsabha, 500 AD * 09. Varahamihira, 505 AD * 10. Brahmagupta, 598 AD * 11. Bhaskara I, 600 AD * 12. Lalla, 720 AD * 13. Govindasvami, 800 AD * 14. Mahavira, 800 AD

* 15. Prthudakasvami, 830 AD * 16. Sankara, 840 AD * 17. Sridhara, 870 AD * 18. Aryabhata II, 920 AD * 19. Vijayanandi, 940 AD * 20. Sripati, 1019 AD * 21. Brahmadeva, 1060 AD

* 22. Bhaskara II, 1114 AD * 23. Mahendra Suri, 1340 AD * 24. Narayana, 1340 AD * 25. Madhava, 1350 AD * 26. Paramesvara, 1370 AD * 27. Nilakantha, 1444 AD

* 28. Jyesthadeva, 1500 AD * 29. Kamalakara, 1616 AD * 30. Jagannatha, 1690 AD

Ancient Bharata's Famous Universities:

In thirteen hundred years, and numerous foreign invasions, the highly civilized and advanced nation Bharata was slowly destroyed, first by numerous Islamic invasions and finally by European-British domination. Since the Indus Valley, Mohenjo-Daro, and Harappan civilization of 9,000 years ago, the ancient Bharata was advanced in science, astronomy, and mathematics. The world's first university was established around 550 BC at Taxila, when the rest of the world was in the Dark Ages. In 427 AD, the world's largest university Nalanda was established near Bihar, eastern Bharata. Its library had over nine million books, and in 1197 AD Islamic invader Bakhtiyar Khilji's soldiers burnt it. The great mathematicians like Baudhayana (800 BC), Manava (750 BC), Apastamba (600 BC), Panini (520 BC), Katyayana (200 BC), Yavanesvara (120 AD), Aryabhata (476 AD), and many more had reshaped Bharata to the highest level, where Varanasi was the knowledge capital of the world, with many educational institutions like the Odantapuri University at Somapura, Bihar (550-1040 AD) by Rajah Dharmapala of Pal dynasty. Jagaddala University was established in 1120 AD in west Bengal. Somapura University was established in 820 AD and stood for 750 years. Vikramaśīla University was established by King Dharmapala dynasty (783-1040 AD); Bakhtiyar Khilji destroyed it in 1200 AD. Also established were Valabhi University in Gujarat (712 AD), Varanasi University in Utter Pradesh (750 AD), Kanchipuram University in Tamale Nadu, Sanskrit Collge of Visaladeva, Puspagiri in Orissa (600 –1090 AD), Manyakheta in Karnataka (880 AD - ), Sharada Peeth in Kashmir (800 AD - ), Mithila, Vardhamama, and Pakshadhara Universities. In 1260 AD Rajah Gangesa Upadhyaya founded School of Navya-Nyāya, or Neo-Logical darsana of ancient Bharatiya logic and philosophy. Tattva Chinatmani was a work of a million pages, written over the course of 300 years, which was burnt by the Islamic invaders, and there were many more schools also. During the Islamic invasions most of these advanced univerties were destroyed, and highly skilled mathematicians and astronomers were killed. In addition, they built a few hundred highly artistic temples across Bharata, and in Asia, to name a few, the red stone temple city complex of Vijaya Nagara, the thousand-pillar Meenakshi temple in Madurai. One of the largest Tamale-Cambodian temple complex in the world (400-square-miles complex), the 1532-pillar Vishnu temple of Angkor Wat in Cambodia, and the Prambanan Hindu Tamale temple complex in Central Java, Indonesia. These two temples built to emulate the five highest mountains of the world including Mount Meru. The last 800 years of brutal Islamic rule and 250 years of British Christian occupation have erased the ancient knowledge of Bharata forever, killing the master mathematicians and astronomers. The inferior British race completely brainwashed once highly advanced ancient Bharatians, and the vast majority of them fell into the trap of British education systems, shunning advanced ancient Bharatian science, astronomy, arts, and mathematics, which completely vanished during the Islamic, Dutch, French, and British dominations. The vast majority of Bharatians (Hindus, Jains, Muslims, Sikhs, and Christians) , Buddhists, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis, Nepali and Sri Lankan citizens of the 2000's are completely ignorant of ancient Bharata's true ancient histories, mathematics, science, astronomy, and Samskritam studies, especially Bharatians who are living in foreign countries such as England, Australia, Canada, the United States, Trinidad, Guyana, Mauritius, Fiji, and South Africa. These emigrants do not have any knowledge of ancient Bharata's great achievements and have become robotic slaves of western people's ideology, which was stolen from the Bharatiya universities and temples by the Muslims, Portuguese, French, Dutch, Germans, and British. Until 1300 AD these barbaric Europeans did not know how to read or write (except the Romans, around 850 BC and the Greeks, around 650 BC, who composed their languages from Brāhmī Scripts) . Once ancient Bharata flourished as the richest nation on Earth, and the British deliberately and systematically destroyed it, and portrayed Bharatians as poor famished people to the rest of the worldly population. The 1900's robotic slaves of Bharatians, especially women changed their societies. (Women are pillars of Indus civilizations and they make changes in any society) . The biggest mistake was the wounded Bharata's adoption of British political and educational systems imposed on August 15, 1947, as part of the independence agreements from British crown that shut the door for ancient Bharata's science, astronomy, and mathematics forever. The Modern-day divided Bharata still has not yet healed as an independent nation; however, Bharata's wheel of knowledge is spinning faster back towards original place. The Islamic, Portuguese, Spaniards, French, Dutch, British, and German people are the root cause of every problems that we are facing around the world; wherever Europeans invaded, they have killed animals to the brink of extinction, deforested billions of acres for timber, chemically polluted the river waters, and killed hundreds of millions of indigenous people around the world for their pleasure. (The numerous Islamic and Christian invasions are the biggest lesson to the divided ancient Indus Nation Bharata; for Warriors, Rajah, Maharajahs, Brahmana priests and common people) . In this modern world positive changes among Hindus is inevitable, only if they follow the principle of Shanatana Dharma, understanding majority of Indus scriptures and ancient histories of Bharata. It is wise to learn Samskritam, not English dialect, and modern-day Bharatiya schools should teach their children about ancient Bharata's science, mathematics, astronomy, histories and Indus scriptures; mainly Vedas, Upanisdhs and Puranas. It is wise for all modern Indus Bharatians to read all these ancient Indus Scriptures including the Bhagavad Gita.

 

Left: Brāhmī Scripts, refers to the oldest members of the Brahmic family of alphabets of 3500 BC. On the right: the indigenous people of America found this stone inscription, similar to Brāhmī Scripts. The Indo-European, Greek, Latium/Latin, and Indo-Persian languages evolved from ancient Samskritam, specifically Brāhmī Scripts, and these scripts were inscribed on the Ashoka pillars across ancient Bharata, Central Asian regions, and Middle East. The Romans formed their Latium scripts based on the Brāhmī Scripts around 800 BC, and the Greeks formed their scripts around 600 BC. Note: the old Greek was Native to the southern Balkans, which has the longest documented history of any Indo-European language families, spanning thirty centuries of written records. About 2,000 BC Bulgarians first composed their language based on alphabets of Brāhmī Scripts.

The ancient Bharata's earlier Samskritam Brāhmī Brāhmī Scripts were brought to ancient Roma around 800 BC by a group of immigrants from Central Asia, and Latin began as a local tongue of a small territory on the Tiber River, known as Latium. It soon spread over a larger part of the ancient Roma Empire. The Latin of Rome became the literary model of the new Empire. The golden age of ancient literary Latin occurred between 80 BC-14 AD. The most famous authors of this time were Livy, Cicero, Catullus, Vergil, Horace, Caesar, and Ovid. The Latium is known as another time of glory that ended in the middle of the second century AD with authors like Tacitus, Juvenal, Pliny the Younger, and Suetonius. The Latin period (200 AD-600 AD) coincides with the decline of the Roma Empire. The Latium scripts were the cradles of Roman Latin language. * Rome is called Roma in Latin during their Empire.

The Origin of ATOM: The earliest references to the concept of atoms date back to ancient Bharata in the sixth century BCE, and it was originally proposed by a sage Kanada (Kana-bhuk, literally, atom-eater) a, ancient Hindu philosopher. The Nyaya and Vaisheshika schools developed elaborate theories of how atoms (Kutasta in Samskritam) combined into more complex objects (first in pairs, then trios of pairs). The references to atoms in Greece emerged, a century later by Leucippus, and Democritus, systematized his views. Around 450 BCE, Democritus coined the term atomos (for atoms), which meant "uncuttable." Though both the ancient Bharata and Greek concepts of the atom were based purely on philosophy; however, modern science has retained the name coined by Democritus. The Vaisheshika, (Vaiśes.ika in Samskritam) is one of the six Indus schools of philosophy (orthodox Vedic systems) of Bharata. Historically, it has been closely associated with the Hindu school of logic, Nyaya. Vaisesika espouses a form of atomism and postulates that all objects in the physical universe are reducible to a finite number of Atoms. Please note that Atom means Kutasta in Samskritam.

1. On the left2. On the Middle: ancient Maya/ Aztecs Calendar. 3. Right: One of the ancient Inca's many calendar. Ancient Bharata's Calendar: The Earth takes 365 days to orbit around the Sun. The Moon takes an average 28.10 days to orbit around the Earth. The seven days a week named after Sun, Moon, and five planets of our solar system. The seven-days week multiplied by four corners of the Earth results 28 days. The thirteen months multiplied by twenty-eight days results 364 days, and one month has 29 days. The Maya Solar Calendar Haab had twenty days that is multiplied by eighteen months results 360 days, which is a Pandava calendar plus five nameless days known as dangerous periods. Because of the Quantum Shift, the earth's orbital position has changed and as a result an extra five days are added in a year. The Inca's calendar had twelve months that is multiplied by thirty days results 360 days and they also had four yugas; Vari Vira Cocha Runa, Vari Runa, Purun Runa, Auca Runa.

Universe

Power of Ancient Samskritam

According to Puranas, Brahma was self-evolved from a Lotus flower where he grew up from the navel of Vishnu. The scientific version: the entire Cosmos was self-created with an atomic super explosion (Sphota) with the sound of OM. The creation sound of the cosmic AhBrahm is OM. Thus comes one of his names Nabhija (born from the navel). From a golden egg (atom), the self-creator AhBrahm was born as a Hiranyagarbha. The remaining materials of the golden egg (atom) transformed into trillions of agnis, planets, astriods, and comets that were expanded into the Brahmanda or Cosmos. The AhBrahm is traditionally depicted with four heads, four faces and four arms and with each head he continually recites one of the four Vedas. The Bhagavata Purana further states that AhBrahm has more than four heads, counting into millions of heads where AhBrahm in complete control of the entire Cosmos, which is the combination of millions of galaxies.

The AhBrahm is the Cosmos and along with it trillion of Agnis were born with the atomic super explosion of sound of OM. Say, all the Agnis is Vishnu that sustains the entire Cosmos. So, the above illustration-figure is incorrect because the main story of AhBrahm and Vishnu is: From AhBrahm (Cosmos) trillions of Agnis (Vishnu) were born and this is scientifically true. This is modern day Big Bang Theory that was recited by the ancient Maharishis (divine scientists), not modern scientists. One Agni / Suryo / Sun controls our solar system giving us all the energy where earthly living beings requires to sustain life. The Brahman priests did many mistakes in the past 2,000 years, who hardly told the truth to their subjects. The BrahmaRishis and MahaRishis recited the truth, but not the Brahman seers and priests lied to the people that led to numerous misunderstanding in ancient Bharata accepting Islam, Christianity and their leaders hating the foundation of Shanathana Dharma's core principle. In this modern era, because of Islamic, and Christianity influences various untrustworthiness and suspiciousness developed among all the people of modern Bharata.

From various Indus scriptures, especially from Vedas, Upanisdhs, Manusmriti, Shiva and Bhavishya Puranas, the Old Testament, Bible and Koran were composed, not individual creation or entity as they claimed to be!!!

Who Discovered America

Answer: none other than Indigenous people of the entire ancient American continent who migrated from various parts of the world approximately around 60,000 years ago.

Ambassador Miles Poindexter states in his book, The Ayar-Incas, the word 'Ayar' means the "Aryan people, who sailed to the ancient American continent by the island chains of Polynesia." The very name of the boat in ancient Mexico is a southern Bharatiya Tamale word, 'Catamaran' in the Nahuatl dialect of Aztecs. (Source: "The Ayar-Incas," by Miles Poindexter, published by Horace Liveright, New York, volumes 1-2.1930). The ancient Hindus were mighty navigators and pioneers of cultures for centuries before Columbus was born. They established their cultural empires in Java, Bali, and Sumatra (Swarnadwīpa 'island of gold') in Indonesia, Cambodia, Vietnam, Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, and Philippines, where they ruled until the fifteenth century.

The emigrant races of the ancient Bengal and Tamale region Bharatians voyaged through Southeast Asia and over the southern Pacific Ocean to ancient America, importing their system of time measurement, their local gods, and their customs, including sporting games, dances, and ceremonies. They also carried a belief in the four Hindu Yugas (epochs or ages), the existence in ancient Middle America of the ancient Hindu Gurukala, a method of education, the Hindu Panchayat System, the bazaar economy, the Soma Yagna (Yagni sacrifice), and the worship of Indra, Trinity, and many other ancient Indus gods. Both the Hindus and indigenous Americans used similar items in their worship rituals. Both continents maintained the concept of Four Yugas known as cosmological seasons, extending over tens of thousands of years, and conceived of twelve constellations with reference to the Sun. As indicated by the Incan and Aztecs, the Sun calendar bears the imprint of ancient Hindu Culture. Siyaj Chan K'awiil of Indus origin founded a Kawiil dynasty at Tikal in 307 AD. Balaj Chan K'awiil was crowned in 635 AD at Tikal, and he founded a new rival kingdom at Dos Pilas in 648 AD. The Kawiil dynasty reigned for 702 years in the regions of Tikal, Kalakmul, Dos Pilas, and Copan.

MR. Miles Poindexter, a former ambassador of the United States to Mexico, writes in his two-volume treatise of 1930s, "The Ayar-Incas," echoed the Maya civilization is "unquestionably linked to ancient Hindus." He proposed that the primitive Aryan word refers to 'various tribal people, who came to ancient America by the island chains of Polynesia,' over the southern Pacific Ocean. One such tribal group from Bharata is the Rama indigenous people who live in the Mosquito Coast of Nicaragua and speak a Rama dialect, they reached ancient Middle America around 5,200 years ago. Ambassador Poindexter provides a list of words in the Inca's Quichua dialect and their analogous forms in Samskritam on page-3 of his treatise. Mexican researchers claim the Aztecs' Nahuatl dialect was derived partly from ancient Samskritam. The Mexicans still retain a name, Tamale/Tamal for one of their special festival food items. The Chinampas de Gorostiza and Chinampas of Xochimilco are regions in Mexico. The Aztecs developed floating stationary vegetable gardens on the lakes, a form of agriculture used to grow beans, squash, tomatoes, chilies, herbs, and flowers that is also called Chinampa, which is of Tamale origin. Sage BalanKanche voyaged to Middle America between the years 800-900 AD, prior to the construction of pyramid Kukulkan in the Yucatán. Maya meditation cave BalanKanche is situated next to that pyramid complex. A series of Indus sages from Bharata voyages to ancient America took place from 240 BC through 1450 AD, and last sage was Chinampa during the Aztec Empire. The indigenous Olmecs live around the region Xilanca/Xicalanco (Sri Lanka, Xi = Sri) of Mexico, presently it is known as Xicalango, Spaniards called them Olmecs, and they reached ancient America about 11,000 years ago.

This article demonstrates during the ancient era, a few nations voyaged between the continents over the southern mighty Pacific Ocean to reach the Rapanui Island, but their final destination was Southern and Middle ancient America:

Polynesian Islanders, Hawaiians, Sri Lankans, Annasazis, Tamale, Indus Rishis, Southeast Asians, Siberians, Central Asians, Mongolians, Kurus, and Tulans.

At Iztapalapa /Ichapalapa Aztecs, Mexico, the meeting between Spaniard Hernándo Cortés and the dark skinned Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II (Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin, spelled Montezuma) in November 1519 AD is depicted in this 16th century Spanish painting, located at the British Embassy, Mexico City. Unfortunately, the Aztecs indigenous people did not survive their cultural exchange with the Spaniards due to smallpox and many wars. The Conquistador's Maya book burning at Mani by notorious Bishop Diego de Landa, and killing the Aztecs, Tlaxcala, Cholula Ichpa-Maya and Naga-Maya civilians while unsuccessfully converting them into Christianity left very little trace of their noble ancient advanced knowledge and civilization. In this Spanish Mural the last Aztec Emperor resembles a Dravidian Olmecs Xicalancan race rather than the mixed Native people of the Central American regions. The doctrines of Hindu Yugas were assimilated into Maya at Copan, Priyadarsh Nagara, Tikal, and Palenque including Olmecs, Toltecs, Aztecs, Incas, Zuni, Navajo and Hopi indigenous people of ancient America. Izapa is Ichpa. (Z for Ch)

The Elephant existed in Middle America? The Elephant motif exists in Maya sculpture, which has significant meaning, even though the elephants weren't native to ancient America. The Maya "long nosed god" is valued by those who favor the hypothesis of direct ancient Bharatian Empire cultural influence among Maya. A mythological scene has been carved in this stela depicting the architectural and artistic maturity of the Maya ruler along with a beautiful image of a deity with the eight hands of Ashtabhuja. 'Aztec' or Ashtak means eight. Right: Maya stela 3 on the temples at Copan, and Priyadarsh Nagara, it appears that the Maya Emperor received the arriving Bharatiya leaders while his large armies stood behind.

Donald A. Mackenzie (Pages: 28-35): Discusses "the diffusion of ancient Hindus' religion mainly to the Maya, Toltecs, and Aztecs," empires in "The Diffusion of a Great Religious System from ancient Bharata to Mexico." Scholar Paul Kirchhoff (1900-1972), a German anthropologist from the University of Frankfurt, had suggested that it is not simply a question of miscellaneous influences wandering from one country to another; however, China, Bharata, Java, Bali, Incas, Maya, and the Aztecs of Mexico actually share a common religious and astronomical system.

The curator of the National Museum of Mexico writes; "The irreproachable technique of their relief's, the sumptuous headdress and ostentatious on high, the system of construction, all speak of ancient Bharata and southeastern countries of Asia." Durant's Manuscript "Historia de la Indias," provides detailed illustration of the costumes and cotton clothing worn by the Maya, Toltec, Tlaxcala, and Aztec nobility. Because cotton plants grew wildly in Bharata and Sri Lankan forests, cotton trees were also planted in Central and South America and it became sacred tree for Maya.

Left: Maya Emperor/Priest stela, hand finger position describes: OM meditation. Middle: Quetzalcohuātl was a serpent deity for Olmecs, Toltecs, Tlaxcalan, Cholōllān and Aztecs rulers. Similarly for Maya, a serpent deity was Kukulkan who portrayed him floating on a 'raft of serpents' to emulate cosmic Vishnu on the Shesha. Olmecs, Maya, Toltecs and Aztecs indigenous rulers have depicted above image on their Maya temple wall. Maya honored him as sage Ah Ichpa or Balan Kanche, where Balan-Kanche is a sacred site for Maya. For the past 5,000 years, a series of sages have arrived in the Middle ancient America under Olmecs, Maya, Toltecs, Aztecs and they have crowned him as their Emperor! Right: this stela is not made by Maya, but found in the region of Tulum, southern Mexico, where Maya Empire flourished.

Only one evidence is found by the National Geography, which shows the oldest Tamale script once used during the Toltecs/Aztecs era. The Toltecs, and Aztecs Natives only used Pictographs; however, the spoken dialect was Nahuatl, not written scripts. March 2008: News on National Geographic (N.G): they found above Aztecs era writing in oldest Bharatiya Tamale scripts in Mexico. Tamale script is also inscribed inside the Vishnu temple complex at Angkor-wat, Cambodia, and the Tamale scripts were found in Thailand*, Burma*, Vietnam*, Malaysia*, Indonesia*.

The Indus scriptures states about ancient America as Patala Loka, especially for the Middle America. In Samskritam Patala Loka means 'other side of the earth' at 180 degree from Bharata on the tropic cancer. According to the Indus scriptures, an eagle (ancient airplane) named Garuda transported thousands of Nagas to Pushkara. Legendary tribe Tohono O’odhams of Arizona describes such a sky-born ship as 'Nah-Big,' a term derived from ancient Samskritam 'Nag-Bhaga' or 'Flying Snake.' That was some kind of flying airplane of ancient Bharata. Google earth reveals 'Cosmic Dance' emblem on the desert of Nevada, and each of its lines are 360 feet long. The footprint of 'Cosmic Dance' does validate ancient Bharata's Emperor Priyavarta rule in western America about 7,000 years ago. In 240 BC Emperor Ashoka sent Buddhist missionary to South and Middle America, the famous ancient port Khetumala and Ichpa of Maya Empire. The trades between Patala Loka and ancient Bharata continued for thousands of years, and Tamale/Tamal people's trades began as stated by Ambassador Miles Poindexter around 700 AD. From 1492 AD onwards, Spaniards systematically destroyed ancient Bharata's culture, tradition and customs in ancient America. Note: The Bharataria or Barataria Bay is named after a part of the Gulf of Mexico in the southeastern Louisiana. Who might have named it and when is the question!

Ancient Bharatiya historians called the distant land Patala Loka, where the Patala king ruled, or Pakala, king for Maya. The ancient Bharatians named North America as Pushkara, and southern islands as Kusa Dvipa. Southern ancient America resembled an eagle's beak with outstretched wings (over looking Brazilian Manu forestry from the Inca land) and Central America, as its tail, named Vishnu Kranta. Around the world, some smart people are learning Samskritam, and also it is wise to understand the scientific meanings of Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, and Mahabharata's messages! Hindi and Urdu are unfit languages of Bharata, and Samskritam should be the national language of modern Bharata. All the Indu-Bharatians should reclaim their ancient country name Bharata, not British-India!

Heyerdahl's discoveries are detailed in his book, "The Maldives Mystery." One of the Brazilian indigenous people of Sri Lankan origin tribes mainly live in the northern Maranhao province of Brazil, on the coastal town Amapa. Also live on the southern region of Amazon River who reached ancient southern America about 11,000 years ago. The nuclear DNA process has the life of span of 40,000 years. The Sri Lankan (Xicalanco, Xicalango in corrupted Spanish) also reached the Middle American region about 11,000 years ago. Heyerdahl's book is one of the best evidence of ancient Bharatian and Sri Lankan sea voyages from island to islands of Polynesia. In Brazil, numerous Sri Lankan tribal women were taken over by Portuguese settlers from 1500 AD onwards and their children's physical and facial features resemble modern-day Bharatians and Sri Lankans.

 

Video 01: Assam Natives resembles Maya, Incans Video 02: Bharata to Modern Bharata. Video 03: Bharatian Numerals - BBC Video 04: Origins of civilization - BBC

Video 05: Bharatian Science - BBC Video 06: Lost Treasures of Bharata - BBC Video 07: Golden Age of Bharata - BBC Video 08: Tamale/Tamil Cholan Empire - BBC

Video 09: Vivekananda Speech at Chicago 1893 Video 10: Scientific Sanskrit Language Video 11: Scientific Verification of Vedas Video 12: Vishnu Temple - Angkor-Wat

Video 13: Scientific Dating of Angkor-Wat Video 14: Vishnu Temple - Angkor-Wat Video 15: Indus: Vishnu Temple - Angkor-Wat Video 16: Indus: Vishnu Temple

Video 17: Vishnu Temple - Angkor-Wat Video 18: Coral Castle - Mystery Video 19: Ancient Persians Empire Video 20: Re-constructions Vishnu Temple - Angkor-Wat

Video 21: Jesus learnt Tantra Yoga in Tibet Video 22: Jesus went to Vedic school Video 23: Jesus in Kashmir Video 24: Jesus in Kashmir

Video 25: Jesus in Kashmir Video 26: Bible is Bull Shit Video 27: Bible is repulsive 15: New Zealand's 1400 AD Tamale Bell

Video 29: Aztecs Engineering Video 30: Sri Lankan Ramayana Video 31: Vijaya Nagara Video 32: Musical stone pillars

Video 33: Mahabalipuram: Singing stone pillars Video 34: Sphinx of Bharata Video 35: Chandra Bose Speech Video 36: Power of Samskritam

Video 37: Pallava Empire, Mahabalipuram Video 38: Kanchepuram 55: 30% Tamale- Inca deities names 1: Economy of ancient Tamale

2: Ancient Shipbuilding 3: History of Southern Bharata 4: Middle kingdoms of Bharata 5: Buddhism in Cambodia

6: Hinduism in Southeast Asia 7: Ancient Bharatian mathematics 8: History of Tamale Nadu 9: Ancient Tamale history

10: Emperor Ashoka 11: Chandragupta Maurya 12: Angkor-Wat: Vishnu Temple 13: Champa (Vietnam)

Dr. Carl Sagan Video 1: Ancient Hindu Cosmology Carl Sagan, Steven Hawking, Arthur C. Clark Video 2 Cosmology

The titled axis of the earth takes 2,135.84 years in an astrological sign and moves onto the next sign, and also goes backwards through the signs of the Zodiac. Since we are completing the Piscean cycle, earthly beings are ready to enter into the Aquarian cycle, for the next 2,135.84 years. We commonly refer to entering Aquarius as the "dawning of the Age of Aquarius." A mini Kalpa is 5,126 years where earth takes to rotate an arc on its tilted axis in reference to the North Star. A mini Kalpa or solar Yuga of 5,126 years multiplied by the fifth new Sun results in 25,630 human years. The modern astronomy states 25,772 years for one complete revolution, a difference of 142 years. The earth takes 2,135.84 years on each Zodiac sign, but this varies based on the modern finding of 25,772 years. During the ancient times, one orbital revolution of earth's equinox was calculated over 24,000 years with reference to the North Star/Sun. MahaRishis calculated four Yuga's based on earth's one half of equinox orbital rotation that is based on 12,000 years with a simple equation 1:2:3:4.

The Great Cycle

The earth orbits on its titled axis while it is orbiting elliptically around the Sun at a speed of 66,670 miles per hour. The entire Solar system, especially the Sun travels at a velocity of 11.88 million miles per day elliptically around the Milky Way Galaxy along with the Zodiac stars signs. This is a useful analogy because changes in overall states of consciousness are represented as "Seasons" for every 5,126 years through which the Solar system passes on its journey. At the end of every 5,126 years there will be odd planet formation in the heaven where Sun and Moon on the left in reference to the earth and Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn on the right. The Maharishis/Rishis named Indus weekdays based on the odd planetary positions: Sunday (Sun), Monday (Moon), Tuesday (Mars), Wednesday (Mercury), Thursday (Jupiter), Friday (Venus), and Saturday (Saturn). The Europeans were unable to change the ancient Bharata's calendar system. A mini Kalpa or solar Yuga is 5,126 years: this happens because of the Sun's movement around the Milky Way Galaxy while the earth rotates on its tilted axis. The sun takes roughly 250 million years to make one elliptical orbit or Chakra around the Milky Way Galaxy. It is wise to understand all the Indus scriptures of Bharata, the principal of Vedic Shanatana Dharma, and the temple clues of Vishnu temple, Angkor-Wat of Cambodia, Maya, Toltecs, Aztecs, and Incas.

The deity Brahma creates certain "beings" solely by the power of his mind and thought. So, the name AhBrahm is the entire Cosmos. The state of their consciousness is summarized by the divine BrahmaRishis. The MahaRishis were the divine scientists who invented numerous advanced technology and written Indus Scriptures. BrahmaRishis can confer this state of consciousness upon others who prove themselves capable of knowing the universal cosmic knowledge. To further understand the concept of AhBrahm and his relation to the Cosmos, it is important to view the cosmos through the lens of the Vedic descriptions of the life of the universe as interpreted in human or divine years. Here are some cycles of time as recorded in the Vedas, Upanishads, and Puranas.

Here are four Yugas of the Cosmos as measured in Divine years from Puranas where it states one demigod is 1,200 years multiplied by the 360 days a year results the following Yugas. Scientifically speaking dividing earth into one half and its simple equation is 1:2:3:4. Each represents 1200:2400:3600:4800 years totaling 12,000 years. Quantum shift: the earth was pushed farther resulting number of days a year to 365 and one orbital revolution of earth's equinox increased to 25,630 years. The modern astronomy states 25,772 years for one complete revolution. It is unclear is it solar or divine years! I think it is divine years looking from the haven.

Kali Yuga: 432,000 in solar years. 1200 x 360

Dwapara Yuga: 864,000 in solar years. 2400 x 360

Treta Yuga: 1,296,000 in solar years. 3600 x 360

Satya Yuga: 1,728,000 in solar years. 4800 x 360

The Viṣṇu Purāṇa Time measurement section of the Viṣṇu Purāṇa Book I Chapter III explains the above as follows: 2 Ayanas (6-month periods, see above) = 1 solar year or 1 day of the devas

4,000 + 400 + 400 = 4,800 divine years (= 1,728,000 solar years) = 1 Satya Yuga

3,000 + 300 + 300 = 3,600 divine years (= 1,296,000 solar years) = 1 Tretā Yuga

2,000 + 200 + 200 = 2,400 divine years (= 864,000 solar years) = 1 Dvāpara Yuga

1,000 + 100 + 100 = 1,200 divine years (= 432,000 solar years) = 1 Kali Yuga

12,000 divine year = 4 Yugas (= 4,320,000 solar years) = 1 Mahā-Yuga (also is equaled to 12000 Daiva (divine) Yuga)

[2*12,000 = 24,000 divine year = 12,000 revolutions of sun around its dual]

Kali Yuga: * The present Yuga is 438,000 in solar years

Total Time for One Cycle or Manvantara: 4,320,000,000 divine years

This is called "A Day of AhBrahm" and is followed by a night of equal length

One complete Cycle of day and night of AhBrahm is: 8,640,000,000 divine years

100 of these years constitute the total life of AhBrahm called Maha Kalpa: 311,040,000,000,000 divine years

All Yugas were calculated based on 360-days a year

Physics : quantum shift is the key. All about Sun god

Mahabharata War has taken place in 3,115 BC

Ramayanam War presumably has taken place about 1.7 million solar years ago

Vedas: BrahmaRishis recited roughly 18,000 years ago

For Brahma 1000 Mahā-Yugas = 1 Kalpa = 1 day (day only) of Brahma

(2 Kalpas constitute a day and night of Brahma, 8.64 billion solar years)

30 days of Brahma = 1 month of Brahma (259.2 billion solar years)

12 months of Brahma = 1 year of Brahma (3.1104 trillion solar years)

50 years of Brahma = 1 Parārdha

2 parardhas = 100 years of Brahma = 1 Para = 1 Mahā-Kalpa (the lifespan of Brahma)(311.04 trillion solar years) One day of Brahma is divided into 1000 parts called charaṇas.

Physics most probably, the year 2024/2025 CE could be the end of 5,126 year-cycle, which began from the beginning of present Kali Yuga cycle 3102 BC. In the Kali Yuga we have 365-days a year and the 5,126 years cycle becomes 5,133 years. From 2031 CE onwards the Sun god goes into cooling status for 5-yeras after the quantum shift and as a result billions of living beings on the earth perishes. The quantum shift pushes the earth's orbit to its new orbital position and number of days will be increased also hours per day. In 2032 CE the earth may have 375-days a year and 28-hours per day and the human life span will be further decreases. According to Indus scripture the present Kali Yuga is 432,000 divine years that is calculated in the Dwapara Yuga; however, based on the astronomical calculation it is 365-days a year, which is multiplied by one-demigod 1200 year x 365-days results in 438,000 divine years.

At the end of a "Maha Kalpa" or Cycle of Creation, The mythical destroyer Shiva manifests his destructive influence and the entire Cosmos dissolved itself roughly around 312 trillion years into dark atomic matter or spiritualizes. The ancient Indus scripture states that in the cosmic dissolution. All levels of the manifestation of Cosmos will disappear. After a great Cosmic rest cycle, another creative cycle begins where a new Brahma (AhBrahm) emerges out of the navel/atom and a new Cosmos self-creates itself. All the spiritual Soul or Ahtma returns to their source from which it will not return of its own volition.

Sat: Truth.
Chid: Spiritual mind.
AhBrahm: the entire Cosmos contains trillions of Agnis (Suns/Stars), planets, which is the state of existence all consciousness. The AhBrahm is the entire Cosmos that has millions of galaxies.

Yajurveda 40.1, Rigveda 10.48.1, Rigveda 10.48.5, Rigveda 10.49.1, Atharvaveda 13.4.16-21, Atharvaveda 10.7.38 all clearly states Only One Supreme image-less God Ishwar or Ishwaram. The Indus trinity, Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva are worshiped as deities. In other words, trinity means scientifically to identify the entire Cosmos: AhBrahm the creator, Vishnu the sustainer of life, and Shiva the destroyer, (the modern word is Super Nova). The Hindu apocalyptic theory involves the trinity of AhBrahm, the cosmic creator, Vishnu, the sustainer of life, and Shiva, the destroyer of any planet or sun or universe. However, in the later modern centuries, Hindus worshiped AhBrahm, Vishnu and Shiva as their Supreme Gods, and it means worshiping the entire Cosmos. When the cycle of Kali Yuga comes to the end in 432,900 years, one could expect Vishnu's final incarnation descending from the haven to the earth in human form. All the evil will be destroyed, purity will be restored and the earthly living beings begin a new age and AhBrahm appears to start all new cycle of creation.

Hindu: The word Hindu is a geographical expression derived from the river Sindhu (Hind in Persian and Indus in Greek). The Vedic scriptures did not provide any name to the set of beliefs about Hindus. It is significant that there is no exact Samskritam terminology equivalent to the word religion. Around 2000 BC, the heritage represented by the Vedas and the Smriti, a system of individual and social law was implemented within the umbrella of Shanatana Dharma, which means Eternal Religion or faith. The idea is conveyed by such terms as Dharma (basic law with various connotations), Mata (opinion or faith) and Marga (path to seek the faith). In 1800's the religion professed by Hindus came to be known as Hinduism because British influences. In fact, Hinduism is not a religion in the sense of man founded religion Christianity and Islam. The Hinduism is not ascribed to a single founder or prophet. It has become customary to say that Hinduism is a way of natural spiritual life and the Vedas scientifically explains the Cosmos and its creation with a super explosion of sound of OM from an atom. A Hindu can be a Monotheist or Monist and an idol worshipper, a vegetarian or could be a meat eater also.

Hinduism: Definition is based on the doctrine of Karma and the theory of Reincarnation and Transmigration of souls with in the Earth's ionic atmosphere (radiation belt). Broadly speaking a Hindu may be defined as a Theist who accepts Karma and believes in the cycle of birth, death and rebirth: reincarnations or punarjanma. In the Vedas these dogmas not explicitly expounded, such as Salvation or Moksha or Mukti, means to be liberated from the painful cycle of births and deaths. Moksha also means the preservation of the individual Soul or Jiva /Atma as a separate entity enjoying eternal bliss or its extinction (Nirvana).

Nirvana: In Indus philosophy, it is the final union with AhBrahm (Cosmos), the divine existence, and the experience of blissful egolessness. The attainment of nirvana is moksha; liberation from Samsara, the repeating cycle of birth, life and death. The modern word is reincarnation.

Nirvana: is a term used in Vedic Shanatana Dharma that refers to the profound peace of mind that is acquired from moksha, liberation from Samsara, or release from a state of suffering, after an often lengthy period of bhavana. Nirvana is salvation in English.

Nirvana: is used in the sense of 'dead' in the Mahabharata, meaning life is extinguished
ni (nir, nis, nih): out, away from, without, a term that is used to negate
va: blowing as in blowing of the wind and also as smelling
na: nor, never, do not, did not, should not
Moksha: means emancipation, liberation, it connotes freedom from samsara, the repeated cycle of death and rebirth, which is reincarnation.

Samsara: is the repeating cycle of birth, life and death (reincarnation) as well as one's actions and consequences in the past, present, and future.

Reincarnation is the religious or philosophical concept that the soul or spirit, after biological death, can begin a new life in a new body. This doctrine is a central tenet of the ancient Indus spiritual philosophy. It is also a common belief of various ancient and modern religions such as Spiritualism, Theosophy, and Eckankar, and is found as well as many tribal societies around the world, in places like Siberia, Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, ancient America, and Australia. The word "reincarnation" derives from Latin, literally meaning, "entering the new flesh again"

Karma: means action, work or deed, it also refers to the spiritual principle of cause and effect where intent and actions of an individual influence the future of that individual Good intent and good deed contribute to the good karma and future happiness, while the bad intent and bad deed contribute to bad karma and future suffering. Karma is closely associated with the idea of rebirth and in this Kali Yuga Karma in the present affects one's future in the current life, as well as the nature and quality of life! This is very important.

Upanishads: sacred tests of spiritual and philosophical nature. The word Upanishad comes from the Samskritam verb sad (to sit) and the two prepositions up and ni (under and at). The earliest Upanishads may have been re-composed around 3,000 BC or after the Mahabharata War. There have been several later additions leading to 223 Upanishads are available. The conical Upanishads is number 108 because once Sun's diameter is 108 times larger than the Earth. So, created Indus 108 commandments, not only 10 where Christian copied it from Indus scriptures. Also Sun has 108 different properties of functions, and the modern scientist found it in 1935 but the ancient MahaRishis discovered it over 6,000 years ago. Presently, the Sun's diameter is expanding to 109 times of the earth, it means more Sun's natural heat to the earth: this is the worldwide global warming in addition to the worldwide man made pollutions, and deforestations.

Vedas: divides the supreme beings of the Universe into three basic classifications, AhBrahm, Vishnu and Shiva
Vedas: The period of ancient Bharata's history is roughly from 3115 BC to 18000 BC, that is known as Vedic Period.

Satan: Being that dwells in spiritual darkness. They are usually not very physically attractive.
Angels, Demi Gods, and Devas: Their God is creator of entire Cosmos: Ishwaram. In the form of Vishnu, supreme god Ishwaram incarnated onto the Earth when the Ahdharmasya take place on the earth.
Asuras: Good looking, desire for lust, and greed for power, similar to European origin people. They are not equivalent to the angels where worldly people tend to confuse or believe in them.
Law book of Manu, Bhavishya, Padma, S>hiva, Brahma, Vishnu Puranas, and astronomy Surya Siddhanta, Ayanamsa, Brahma Sutras are posted on the wikipedia. It is wise to read and understand all these ancient Bharata's Vedic scriptures.

NASA: The Apollo-11 and other Apollo Astronauts never landed on the Moon, because, all the Earth's living beings cannot leave the earth's ionic atmosphere or radiation belt, which is about 22,000 miles above the earth. The Radio waves and Telecommunication systems take advantage of Ionic atmosphere, and most of the important Satellites are placed in between of 22,000 - 86,000 miles above the earth. Note: Apollo is the famous Sun God for Greeks.

Mount Kailash

This is mount Kailash, staircases to the heaven. Kailash is the Spiritual Center of the Universe, and scientifically situated at the center of the earth. Kailash pyramid temple of dwarf divine ruler Shiva of Bharata, Tibet and Nepal, where Shiva magically form the mount Kailash overnight as his pyramid temple! Scientifically it is untrue! Historical ruler Shiva's timeframe is over 20,500 years ago, during the Vamana avatar, also MahaBali's era, where Kerala people celebrate Onam festival to honor historical ruler MahaBali. The mount Kailash is the oldest pilgrimage site on the Earth, and it is known as Pillar of the World and Center of the Universe. The Kailash is a four-faced pyramid, Pillar of the world: on the Westside it has 54-natural staircases and unknown staircases on the Eastside. The each face of mount Kailash is 1. Crystal 2. Ruby 3. Gold 4. Lapis Lazuli. The Kailash is situated in the heart of six mountain ranges symbolizing a Lotus. Around the world four man-made monuments were built to emulate mount Kailash. There a waterfall plunges into the middle of the earth and Four-rivers flow in Four directions of the earth. Legend has it that divine ruler Shiva magically formed the mount Kailash overnight as his pyramid temple. Some historians believe that the pyramid of Egypt built to emulate mount Kailash. The Uxmal Pyramid of Maya at the southeastern Mexico, and Toltecs Pyramid at Tula and Teotihuacan Pyramid especially built to emulate mount Kailash. The ancient Hindus consider mount Kailash is the holy place of mythical destroyer Shiva and also known as Shiva Temple Palace that he formed it over night like a magician. Hindus and Buddhists says walking the 32-mile circuit around the mount Kailash takes three-day trek called a Kora, which washes away all the sins of one's lifetime, and walking around the mount Kailash arduous trek for 108 times will reach the Nirvana !

 

Left: An Ancient Hindu Kingdom Emblem, 3500 BC *Middle: Seal of Emperor Ashoka 250 BC and Modern Bharata's national emblem*Right: National Flag of Modern Bharata.

Columbus and Spaniards - 1492 AD

Christopher Columbus set sail in an era of maritime, charting his route with the aid of a mariner's compass, an astrolabe, a cross-staff, and a quadrant. The popular map for mariners at the time was Ptolemy's Geography or Cosmography, printed in 1482 AD but compiled by the Alexandrian geographer, astronomer, and mathematician Claudius Ptolemy in 2nd century AD

Bharatarasaba : once stretched to Northeastern Africa, entire regions of Central Asia into present day Europe, Middle East, Bharata, South East Asian Nations and many regions of North, Central, and South American continent. The ancient Bharatians migration to various parts of the ancient World began about 40,000 years ago after the ice age. The new finding Harappan civilization is older than 10000 BC. Anasazi reached ancient American west about 18,000 years ago from Central Asia and Northwestern Bharata. Sri Lankans reached South American northeastern Amapa, Brazil about 11,000 years ago. Around 240 BC Emperor Ashoka sent Buddhist missionary to Central American once known as Patala Loka: the famous ancient ports Khetumala and Ichpa of Maya Empire. The trade between Patala Loka and ancient Bharata continued for thousands of years. Brazilian Indigenous Sri Lankan origin Tribes mainly lives in the Maranhao province of Brazil on the southern Amazon River: See on Wikipedia: Tribes.

The Mahabharata War has taken place around 3115 BC, in the regions of entire Central Asia, Middle East, eastern Europe, ancient Bharata, Far Eastern Nations and some parts of ancient Middle America (Patala Loka); not indigenous to ancient Bharata only as author sage Veda Vyasa (Krishna Dwaipayana) has re-written or translated into Samskritam around 2000 BC. The future Mahabharata War may take place in the same designated regions and this could be the Divine's Plan!

 

Prambanan Tamale/Tamil Hindu Temple complex in Central Java, Indonesia – built to Emulate mount Meru and accurately oriented towards mount Kailash

Night: Prambanan Tamale Hindu Temple complex in Central Java, Indonesia and it was built to Emulate mount Meru

Cambodia: Vishnu temple complex of Angkor-Wat is 80 to 400 square miles wide - Tamale Hindu architecture – highest peak of the temple was built to Emulate mount Meru and oriented accurately towards mount Kailash. The Angkor-Wat is the largest Vishnu temple complex in the world.

Vishnu temple complex - Tamale Hindu architecture by Divakarapandita, - built to Emulate mount Meru and four other highest mountains. Built during the reign of Maharajah Suryavarman II 1114 AD – Srindrajayavarman 1327 AD

A: Albino street People of modern Bharata B: Emblem is Cosmic Dance of Bharata NOT Star of David C: Ramayana: Ancient Sita Temple

1: Ancient Bharata during the Vedic Era: Bharatavarsha 2: Maurya Empire Unites Ancient Bharata 3: The Post-Maurya Empire era

4: Bharata's symbolism - Golden Age of Bharata 5: List of Kings who reshaped Bharata's Destiny 6: Rajput Prithviraj 7: Indus Resist Muslim Aggression

8: Great Chattrapati Shivaji Maharajah 9: Pre-British Rule of Bharata 10: Hinduism: Essence of Bharata 11: Indus OM, OMkar and Swastika

12: Lost Continent of Atlantis 13: Hindu concept of ZERO - Mathematics 14: Indus Sati and Child Marriages 15: Hindu Yagna, Dana and Gotra

17: Indus' Varna Caste System in Vedic Era 18: Hindu History: Two Main Classes 19: Indus History: Jati-Varna Matrix 20: Popular Hindu Festivals-1

21: Popular Hindu Festivals-2 22: Indus History: Religious Tolerance 23: Buddhism: Our Message of Peace 24: The Jaina religion or Jainism

25: Ancient Indus Philosophical School 26: The Hindu History - Sikhism 27: The Hindu History - Christianity 28: The Hindu History - Judaism

29: Persian Zoroastrianism 30: Brāhmī Script, ancient Samskritam Languages of the World 31: Hinduism: 33 Gods in Vedas

Video 1: Bharata-1 Video 2: Bharata-2 Video 3: Bharata - 3 Video 4: Bharata - 4

 

KALPANA CHAWLA, Ph.D - NASA Astronaut (1961 - 2003) Space Shuttle Columbia Mission Specialist.

Kalpana Chawla, 41, immigrated to United States from Bharata in 1980's and she became a first Bharatiya American astronaut in 1994. Kalpana Chawla's first Columbia space shuttle mission was on November 19, 1997 and she was the first Bharatiya American astronaut began her career at the Ames Research Center at NASA in 1988. Kalpana Chawla earned her aerospace engineering doctorate from the University of Colorado in Boulder and she trained more than 376 hours in space as a prime robotic arm operator since her first Columbia shuttle flight begun in 1997. NASA selected Kalpana Chawla as an astronaut candidate in 1994 and she joined the fifteenth group of astronauts in March 1995. In 1988, Kalpana Chawla, PhD started work at NASA Ames Research Center in the area of powered-lift computational fluid dynamics. NASA assigned Kalpana Chawla to the crew of STS-107, as her second space shuttle Columbia mission that was launched on January 16, 2003. While returning to the earth, the 'Space Shuttle Columbia' exploded entering into the earth's atmosphere along with crew her crewmembers on First of February 2003.

NORAH JONES

Geetali Shanker Norah Jones (Daughter of World Famous Sitar Player Dr. Ravi Shanker): Pop-Jazz Singer Norah Jones Winner of 8 Grammys in 2003

Sri Lankan Origins of the Olmecs

Ancient Bharatian Science

History of Bharata

In 635 AD, first Islamic Mesopotamian (Iraq) invasion on the Bharatian soil

In 1754 AD, the last minor Islamic rule ended with the help of British

El Yamuna (Yemen) people were origin of ancient Bharata

Varanasi

Rajput

Rajasthan

Coorgs

State1

BHARATA: Root of all the Western Civilization: Video: Ancient Bharata : Four Beautiful Indus Women

"All humans are not created equal, race or religion and it is up to an individual to understand each other"

 

Think: e-mail: maha.rishi7@hotmail.com

 

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